Sir Richard Molyneux
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The Cavalier in Exile
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own hands, he might do hereafter what he pleased.

His Majesty being arrived in Scotland, ordered his affairs so wisely, that soon after he got an Army to march with him into England; but whether they were all Loyal, is not for me to dispute: However, Argyle was discontented, as it appear’d by two complaining Letters he sent to my Lord, which my Lord gave His Majesty notice of; so that onely the Duke of Hamilton went with His Majesty, who fought and died like a Valiant Man, and a Loyal subject. In this fight between the English and Scots, His Majesty expressed an extraordinary Courage; and though his Army was in a manner destroyed, yet the Glory of an Heroick Prince remained with our gracious Soveraign.

In the mean time, whilest His Majesty was yet in Scotland, and before he marched with His Army into England, it happen’d that the Elector of Brandenburg, and Duke of New- burg, upon some differences, having raised Forces against each other, but afterwards concluded a Peace between them, were pleased to profer those Forces to my Lord for His Majesties use and service, which (as the Lord Chancellour, who was then in France, sent word to my Lord) was the onely Foreign profer that had been made to his Majesty. My Lord immediately gave His Majesty notice of it ; but whether it was for want of convenient Transportation, or Mony, or that the Scots did not like the assistance, that profer was not accepted.


Concerning the affairs and intrigues that pass’d in Scotland, and England, during the time of His Majesties stay there, I am ignorant of them; neither doth it belong to me now to write, or give an account of any thing else but what concerns the History of my Noble Lord and Husbands Life, and his own Actions; who so soon as he had Intelligence that the Scottish Army, which went with His Majesty into England, was defeated, and that no body knew what was become of His Majesty, fell into so violent a Passion, that I verily believed it would have endanger’d his life; but when afterwards the happy news came of His Majesties safe arrival in France, never any Subject could rejoice more then my Lord did.

About this time it chanced, that my Lords Brother Sir Charles Cavendish, and my self, took a journey into England, occasioned both by my Lord’s extream want and necessity, and his Brothers Estate; which having been under Sequestration from the time (or soon after) he went out of England, was then, in case he did not return and compound for it, to be sold out-right; Sir Charles was un willing to receive his Estate upon such con ditions, and would rather have lost it, then compounded for it: But my Lord con sidering it was better to recover something, then lose all, intreated the Lord Chancellour, who was then in Antwerp, to perswade his Brother to a composition, which his Lordship did very effectually, and proved himself a Noble and true Friend in it. We had so small a Provision of money when we set


forth our Journey for England, that it was hardly able to carry us to London, but were forced to stay at Southwarh ; where Sir Charles sent into London for one that had formerly been his Steward; and having declared to him his wants and necessities, desir’d him to try his Credit. He seemed ready to do his Master what service he could in that kind; but pretending withall, that his Credit was but small, Sir Charles gave him his Watch to pawn, and with that money paid those small scores we had made in our Lodging there. From thence we went to some other Lodgings that were prepared for us in Covent-Garden and having rested our selves some time, I desired my Brother the Lord Lucas, to claim, in my behalf, some subsistance for my self out of my Lords Estate, (for it was declared by the Parliament, That the Lands of those that were banished, should be sold to any that would buy them, onely their Wives and Children were allowed to put in their Claims:) But he received this Answer, That I could not expect the least allowance, by reason my Lord and Husband had been the greatest Traitor of England (that is to say, the honestest man, because he had been most against them).

Then Sir Charles intrusted some persons to compound for his Estate; but it being a good while before they agreed in their Com position, and then before the Rents could be received, we having in the mean time nothing to live on, must of necessity have been starved, had not Sir Charles got some


Credit of several Persons, and that not with out great difficulty; for all those that had Estates, were afraid to come near him, much less to assist him, until he was sure of his own Estate. So much is Misery and Poverty shun’d!

But though our Condition was hard, yet my dear Lord and Husband, whom we left in Antwerp, was then in a far greater distress then our selves; for at our departure he had nothing but what his Credit was able to pro cure him; and having run upon the score so long without paying any the least part there of, his Creditors began to grow impatient, and resolved to trust him no longer: Where fore he sent me word, That if his Brother did not presently relieve him, he was forced to starve. Which doleful news caused great sadness and melancholy in us both, and withal made his Brother try his utmost endeavour to procure what moneys he could for his subsistance, who at last got 200 1. sterl. upon Credit, which he immediately made over to my Lord.

But in the mean time, before the said money could come to his hands, my Lord had been forced to send for all his Creditors, and declare to them his great wants and necessities ; where his Speech was so effectual, and made such an impression in them, that they had all a deep sense of my Lords Mis fortunes; and instead of urging the payment of his Debts, promised him, That he should not want any thing in whatsoever they were able to assist him; which they also very nobly and civilly performed, furnishing him


with all manner of provisions and necessaries for his further subsistance; so that my Lord was then in a much better condition amongst strangers, then we in our Native Countrey.

At last when Sir Charles Cavendish had compounded for his Estate, and agreed t pay 4500 1. for it, the Parliament caused it again to be surveyed, and made him pay 500 1. more, which was more then many others had paid for much greater Estates; so that Sir Charles to pay this Composition and discharge some Debts, was necessitated to sell some Land of his at an under-rate My Lords two Sons (who were also in England at that time) were no less in want and necessity, then we, having nothing but bare Credit to live on; and my Lords Estate being then to be sold outright, Sir Charles, his Brother, endeavoured, if possible, to save the two chief Houses, viz. Welbecle and Bolsover, being resolved rather to part with some more of his Land, which he had lately com pounded for, then to let them fall into the Enemies hands; but before such time as he could compass the money, some body had bought Bolsover, with an intention to pull it down, and make money of the Materials; of whom Sir Charles was forced to buy it again at a far greater Rate then he might have had it at first, notwithstanding a great part of it was pulled down already; and though my Lords eldest Son Charles Lord Mansfield, had those mentioned Houses some time in possession, after the death of his Uncle; yet for want of Means he was not able to repair them.


I having now been in England a year and a half, some Intelligence which I received of my Lords being not very well, and the small hopes I had of getting some relief out of his Estate, put me upon design of returning to Antwerp to my Lord; and Sir Charles, his Brother, took the same resolution, but was prevented by an Ague that seized upon him. Not long had I been’ my Lord, but we received the sad news of his Brothers death, which was an extream affliction both to my Lord, and my self, for they loved each other entirely: In truth, He was a Person of so great worth, such extraordinary civility, so obliging a Nature, so full of Generosity, Justice and Charity, besides all manner of Learning, especially in the Mathematicks, that not onely his Friends, but even his Enemies, did much lament his loss.

After my return out of England, to my Lord, the Creditors supposing I had brought great store of money along with me, came all to my Lord to solicite the payment of their Debts; but when my Lord had informed them of the truth of the business, and desired their patience somewhat longer, with assurance that so soon as he received any money, he would honestly and justly satisfie them, they were not onely willing to forbear the payment of those Debts he had contracted hitherto, but to credit him for the future, and supply him with such Necessaries as he should desire of them. And this was the onely happiness which my Lord had in his distressed condition, and the chief blessing of the Eternal and Merciful God, in whose


Power are all things, who ruled the hearts and minds of men, and filled them with Charity and Compassion; for certainly it was a work of Divine Providence, that they shewed so much love, respect and honour to my Lord, a stranger to their Nation; and notwithstanding his ruined Condition, and the small appearance of recovering his own, credited him wheresoever he lived, both in France, Holland, Brabant and Germany; that although my Lord was banished his Native Countrey, and dispossessed from his own Estate, could nevertheless live in so much Splendor and Grandure as he did.

In this Condition (and how little soever the appearance was) my Lord was never without hopes of seeing yet (before his death) a happy issue of all his misfortunes and sufferings, especially of the Restauration of His most Gracious King and Master, to His Throne and Kingly Rights, whereof he always had assured Hopes, well knowing, that it was impossible for the Kingdom to subsist long under so many changes of Government; and whensoever I expressed how little faith I had in it, he would gently reprove me, saying, I believ’d least, what I desir’d most; and could never be happy if I endeavour’d to exclude all hopes, and entertain’d nothing but doubts and fears.

The City of Antwerp in which we lived, being a place of great resort for Strangers and Travellers, His Majesty (our now gracious King, Charles the Second) passed thorough it, when he went his Journey towards Germany; and after my Lord had done his humble duty,


and waited on His Majesty, He was pleased to Honour him with his Presence at his House. The same did almost all strangers that were Persons of Quality; if they made any stay in the Town, they would come and visit my Lord, and see the Mannage of his

Horses: And, amongst the rest, the Duke of Oldenburg, and the Prince of East-Fries- land, did my Lord the Honour, and presented him with Horses of their own breed.

One time it happen’d, that His Highness Dom John d’ Austria (who was then Govern- our of those Provinces) came to Antwerp, and stayed there some few days; and then almost all his Court waited on my Lord, so that one day I reckoned about seventeen Coaches, in which were all Persons of Quality, who came in the morning of purpose to see my Lord’s Mannage; My Lord receiving so great an honour thought it fit to shew his respect and civility to them, and to ride some of his Horses himself, which otherwise he never did but for his own excercise and delight. Amongst the rest of those great and noble Persons, there were two of our Nation, viz, the then Marquess, now Duke of Ormond, and the Earl of Bristol; but Dom John was not there in Person, excusing himself afterwards to my Lord (when my Lord waited on him) that the multiplicity of his weighty affairs had hindred his coming thither, which my Lord accounted as a very high honour and favour from so great a Prince; and conceiving it his duty to wait on his Highness, but being unknown to him, the Earl of Bristol, who had acquaintance


with him, did my Lord the favour, and upon his request, presented him to his Highness which favour of the said Earl my Lord highly resented.

Dom John received my Lord with all kind ness and respect; for although there were many great and noble Persons that waited on him in an out room, yet so soon as his Highness heard of my Lord’s, and the Earl of Bristol’s being there, he was pleased to admit them before all the rest. My Lord, after he had passed his Complements, told His Highness, That he found himself bound in all duty to make his humble acknowledgments for the Favour he received from His Catholick Majesty for permitting and suffering him (a banished man) to live in His Dominions, and under the Government of His Highness; whereupon Dom John ask’d my Lord whether he wanted any thing, and whether he liv’d peaceably without any molestation or disturbance ? My Lord answer’d, That he lived as much to his own content as a banish’d man could do; and received more respect and civility from that City then he could have expected, for which he returned his most humble thanks to his Catholick Majesty, and His Highness. After some short Discourse, my Lord took his leave of Dons John; Several of the Spaniards advising him to go into Spain, and assuring him of His Catholick Majesties Kindness and Favour; but my Lord being engaged in the City of Antwerp and besides in years, and wanting means for so long and chargeable a voyage, was not able to embrace their


motions; and surely he was so well pleased with the great Civilities he received from that City, that then he was resolved to chuse no other residing place all the time of his banishment but that; he being not onely credited there for all manner of Provisions and Necessaries for his subsistance, but also free both from ordinary and extraordinary Taxes, and from paying Excise, which was a great favour and obligation to my Lord.

After His Highness Dom John had left the Government of those Provinces the Marquess of Caracena succeeded in his place, who having a great desire to see my Lord ride in the Mannage, entreated a Gentleman of the City, that was acquainted with my Lord, to beg that favour of him. My Lord having not been at that Exercise six weeks, or two months, by reason of some sickness that made him unfit for it, civilly begg’d his excuse; but he was so much importuned by the said Gentleman that at last he granted his Request, and rid one or two Horses in presence of the said Marquess of Caracena, and the then Marquess, now Duke of Ormond, who often used to honour my Lord with his Company. The said Marquess of Caracena seem’d to take much pleasure and satisfaction in it, and highly complemented my Lord; and certainly I have observed, That Noble and Meritorious persons take great delight in honouring each other.

But not onely strangers, but His Majesty Himself (our now Gracious Soveraign) was pleased to see my Lord ride, and one time did ride Himself, He being an Excellent


Master of that Art, and instructed by my Lord, who had the Honour to set Him first on a Horse of Mannage, when he was His Governour; where His Majesties Capacity was such, that being but Ten years of Age, he would ride leaping Horses, and such as would overthrow others, and mannage them with the greatest Skill and Dexterity, to the admiration of all that beheld Him.

Nor was this the onely Honour my Lord received from His Majesty, but His Majesty and all the Royal Race; that is to say, Her Highness the then Princess Royal, His Highness the Duke of York, with His Brother the Duke of Glocester, (except the Princesse Henrietta, now Duchess of Orleans,) being met one time in Antwerp, were pleased to honour my Lord with their Presence, and accept of a small Entertainment at his House, such as his present Condition was able to afford them. And some other time His Majesty passing through the City was pleased to accept of a private Dinner at my Lord’s House; after which I receiving that gracious Favour from His Majesty, that he was pleased to see me, he did merrily and in jest, tell me, That he perceived my Lord’s Credit could procure better Meat then His own. Again, some other time, upon a merry Challenge playing a Game at Butts with my Lord (when my Lord had the better of Him), What (said He) my Lord, have you invited me to play the Rook with me? Although their Stakes were not at all considerable, but onely for Pastime.

These passages I mention onely to declare


my Lord’s happiness in his miseries, which he received by the honour and kindness not onely of foreign Princes, but of his own Master and Gracious Soveraign: I will not speak now of the good esteem and repute he had by his late Majesty King Charles the First, and Her Majesty the now Queen- Mother, who always held and found him a very loyal and faithful Subject, although Fortune was pleased to oppose him in the height of his endeavours; for his onely and chief intention was to hinder His Majesties Enemies from executing that cruel design which they had upon their gracious and merciful King; In which he tried his utter most power, in so much that I have heard him say out of a passionate Zeal and Loyalty, That he would willingly sacrifice himself and all his Posterity, for the sake of his Majesty and the Royal Race. Nor did he ever repine either at his losses or sufferings, but rejoyced rather that he was able to suffer for His King and Countrey. His Army was the onely Army that was able to uphold His Majesties Power; which so long as it was Victorious it preserved both His Majesties Person and Crown; but so soon as it fell, that fell too:

and my Lord was then in a manner forced to seek his own preservation in foreign Countries, where God was pleased to make strangers his Friends, who received and protected him when he was banished his native Country, and relieved him when his own Country-men sought to starve him, by withholding from him what was justly his own, onely for his Honesty and Loyalty; which relief he re


ceived more from the Commons of those parts where he lived, then from Princes, he being unwilling to trouble any foreign Prince with his wants and miseries, well knowing, that Gifts of Great Princes come slowly, and not without much difficulty; neither loves he to petition any one but His own Soveraign.

But though my Lord by the civility of Strangers, and the assistance of some few Friends of his native Country, lived in an indifferent Condition, yet (as it hath been declared heretofore) he was put to great plunges and difficulties, in so much that his dear Brother Sir Charles Cavendish would often say, That though he could not truly complain of want, yet his meat never did him good by reason my Lord, his Brother, was always so near wanting, that he was never sure after one meal to have another: And though I was not afraid of starving or begging, yet my chief fear was, that my Lord for his debts would suffer Imprisonment, where sadness of Mind, and want of Exercise, and Air, would have wrought his destruction, which yet by the Mercy of God he happily avoided.

Some time before the Restauration of His Majesty to his Royal Throne, my Lord, partly with the remainder of his Brothers Estate, which was but little, it being wasted by selling of Land for compounding with the Parliament, paying of several debts, and buying out the two Houses aforementioned, viz. Welbeck and Bolsover; and the Credit which his Sons had got, which amounted

81                F

in all to 24001. a year, sprinkled something amongst his Creditors, and borrowed so much of Mr. Top and Mr. Smith (though without assurance) that he could pay such scores as were most pressing, contracted from the poorer sort of Trades-men, and send ready mony to Market, to avoid cozenage (for small scores run up most unreasonably, especially if no strict accounts be kept, and the rate be left to the Creditors pleasure) by which means there was in a short time so much saved, as it could not have been imagined.

About this time, a report came of a great number of Sectaries, and of several disturbances in England, which heightned my Lord’s former hopes into a firm belief of a sudden Change in that Kingdom, and a happy Restauration of His Majesty, which it also pleased God to send according to his expectation; for His Majesty was invited by his Subjects, who were not able longer to endure those great confusions and encumbrances they had sustained hitherto, to take possession of His Hereditary Rights, and the power of all his Dominions: And being then at the Hague in Holland, to take ship ping in those parts for England, my Lord went thither to wait on his Majesty, who used my Lord very Graciously; and his Highness the Duke of York was pleased to offer him one of those Ships that were ordered to transport His Majesty; for which he returned his most humble thanks to his Highness, and begg’d leave of His Highness that he might hire a Vessel for himself and his Company.


In the mean time whilst my Lord was at the Hague, His Majesty was pleased to tell him, That General Monk, now Duke of Albermarle had desired the Place of being Master of the Horse: To which my Lord answer’d, That that gallant Person was worthy of any Favour that His Majesty could confer upon him: And having taken his leave of His Majesty, and His Highness the Duke of York, went towards the Ship that was to transport him for England, (I might better call it a Boat, then a Ship; for those that were intrusted by my Lord to hire a Ship for that purpose, had hired an old rotten Fregat, that was lost the next Voyage after; insomuch, that when some of the Company that had promised to go over with my Lord, saw it, they turn’d back, and would not endanger their lives in it, except the now Lord Widdrington, who was resolved not to forsake my Lord).

My Lord (who was so transported with the joy of returning into his Native Countrey, that he regarded not the Vessel) having set Sail from Rotterdan was so becalmed, that he was six dayes and six nights upon the Water, during which time he pleased himself with mirth, and pass’d his time away as well he could; Provisions he wanted not, having them in great store and plenty. At last being come so far that he was able to discern the smoak of London, which he had not seen in a long time, he merrily was pleased to desire one that was near him, to jogg and awake him out of his dream, for surely, said he, I have been sixteen years


asleep, and am not throughly awake yet My Lord lay that night at Greenwich, where his Supper seem’d more savoury to him, then any meat he had hitherto tasted; and the noise of some scraping Fidlers, he thought the pleasantest harmony that ever he had heard.

In the mean time my Lords Son, Henry Lord Mansfield, now Earl of Ogle, was gone to Dover with intention to wait on His Majesty, and receive My Lord his Father, with all joy and duty, thinking he had been with His Majesty; but when he miss’d of his design, he was very much troubled, and more, when His Majesty was pleas’d to tell him, That my Lord had set to Sea, before His Majesty Himself was gone out of Holland, fearing my Lord had met with some Misfortune in his Journey, because he had not heard of his Landing. Wherefore he immediately parted from Dover, to seek my Lord, whom at last he found at Greenwich; with what joy they embraced and saluted each other, my Pen is too weak to express.

But all this while, and after my Lord was gone from Antwerp I was left alone there with some of my servants; for my Lord being in Holland with His Majesty, declared in a Letter to me his intention of going for England, withal commanding me to stay in that City, as a Pawn for his debts, until he could compass money to discharge them; and to excuse him to the Magistrates of the said City for not taking his leave of them, and paying his due thanks for their great


civilities, which he desired me to do in his behalf. And certainly my Lords affection to me was such, that it made him very industrious in providing those means; for it being uncertain what or whether he should have any thing of his Estate, made it a difficult business for him to borrow Mony; At last he received some of one Mr. Ash, now Sir Joseph Ash, a Merchant of Antwerp, which he returned to me; but what with the expence I had made in the mean while, and what was required for my transporting into England, besides the debts formerly contracted, the said money fell too short by 4001. and although I could have upon my own word taken up much more, yet I was unwilling to leave an engagement amongst strangers: ‘Wherefore I sent for one Mr. Shaw, now Sir John Shaw, a near kindsman to the said Mr. Ash, intreating him to lend me 4001. which he did most readily, and so discharged my debts.

My departure being now divulged in Antwerp, the Magistrates of the City came to take their leaves of me, where I desired one Mr. Duart a very worthy Gentleman, and one of the chief of the City, though he derives his Race from the Portuguez (to whom and his Sisters, all very skilful in the Art of Musick, though for their own pastime and Recreation, both my Lord and my self were much bound for their great civilities) to be my Interpreter. They were pleased to express that they were sorry for our departure out of their City, but withal rejoyced at our happy returning into


our Native Country, and wished me soon and well to the place where I most desired to be Whereupon I having excused my Lord’s hasty going away without taking his leave of them, returned them mine and my Lord’s hearty Thanks for their great civilities, declaring how sorry I was that it lay not in my power to make an acknowledgment answerable to them. But after their departure from me, they were pleased to send their Under-Officers (as the custom there is) with a Present of Wine, which I received with all respect and thankfulness.

I being thus prepar’d for my Voyage, went with my Servants to Flussing, and finding no English Man of War there, being loth to trust my self with a less Vessel, was at last informed that a Dutch man of War lay there ready to Convoy some Merchants; I forthwith sent for the Captain thereof, whose name was Bankert, and asked him whether it was possible to obtain the favour of having the use of his Ship to transport me into England? To which he answered, That he question’d not but I might; for the Merchants which he was to convey, were not ready yet, desiring me to send one of my servants to the State, to request that favour of them; with whom he would go himself, and assist him the best he could; which he also did. My suit being granted, my self and my chief servants embarqued in the said Ship; the rest, together with the Goods, being conveyed in another good strong Vessel, hired for that purpose.