Sir Richard Molyneux
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                                          The Molyneux Regiment.                                       
                                                   Molyneux family crest                                              

History of Molyneux

Sir Richard Molyneux - Second Viscount Maryborough Born 1617 Died 1654.

Eldest son of Sir Richard Molyneux of Sefton, Lancashire.

He was hereditary constable of Lancashire, master forester of West Derby, park steward of Salford, West Derby, Blackburnshire, Tottington and Clithero. Palatine and admiral of the greater part of Lancashire.

During the Civil War he attended a commission of array on Preston Moor - 20 June 1642 - and helped in the seizure of the magazine at Preston. He raised two regiments, one horse and one foot. These were composed mostly of Roman Catholics for the service of the King under the command of the Earl of Derby. In September 1642 he helped in the siege of Manchester. He fought at Edgehill and in the attack on Lancaster in 1642/43 he fought at Ormskirk and was nearly captured.

On 20 April 1643 he was defeated at Whalley. In June 1644 he led the remnants of the Lancashire Royalists to York. He fought at Marston Moor in 1644 on the right flank of the Royalists. He is known to have been at the surrender of Ludlow Castle and was also at the surrender of Oxford in 1646. On 30 June 1648 a warrant was signed by the committee of Derby House for his arrest as having contravened an ordinance of Parliament.

He was suspected of being involved in the rising of royalist gentry at Kingston on 5 July 1648, but 4 days later he was discharged. He was restored to his estates which Parliament had compounded. On 11 September 1649 he was fined £12,280 but it was reduced to £6,710. He joined King Charles II on his march to Worcester and escaped after the battle of 3 September 1651. He married Lady Frances Seymour at Essex House in 1652.

He died at Croxteth in Lancashire and was buried on 2 July 1654 at the church of St Helens, Sefton.