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The church at Bathe, being very large, hath not any ancient monuments. At the south yle is a large monument for the lady of Sir William Waller, his statue cutt in stone there too.

In the middle of the quire toward the north yle is a very large monument for Mountague, Bishop of Winchester, Prelate of the Garter, this badge on his upper garment, left shoulder [here a sketch is given of the ordinary badge]. A great benefactor of this church.

Shepton Mallett, co. Somerset, four myles from Mells, six from Glastonbury, fifteen from Bristol. In an inn without the towne, in old glasse in the hall and parlour, which formely was the dwelling hose of Sir Philip Fulford: Description of drawing

'Tis about one hundred years since this family lived heare, and hath beene an inne ever since, in Davies' possession. 'Tis the manor of Shepton, belonging to prince Charles. Sir Edward Herbert hath the fee farm.

This coate in the howse aforesaid: Description of drawing

Shepton Mallett church.

Within the north wall of the body of the church, under two arches, lyes the two statues of two Knights Templars, crosse-legged, in mayle, and shields upon there breasts. The roofe of the church is curiously carved. Against the east wall, north yle of the church, is a small neate monument with the picture of a man in armes. Captain Barnard, Esquire, 1640. Description of drawing

This is a market towne.

page 32

Mr. William Strowd, one of the five members, married this Mr Barnard's onely daughter and heire. (2000li per annum.) Strowd lived at Barrington three myle from Ilmister; another howse at Street; hath all the parsonages betweene this towne and Barrington. (a)

He gott his estate by being a factor in Spaine, His father was a clothier in Shepton Mallet. His father left him 740li in all. Bernard is descended of a clothier in this towne too. This towne hath furnished the King with above 300 men since the beginning.

The King lay at Sir John Horner's howse in Mells, who is lord of the manor, a faire large howse of stone, very strong, in forme of a H, two courts. The church is very large and faire, adjoyning to the manor howse. Nothing in it, either monumental or other, but these two coates: Description of drawing

Horners have lived here three or four descents. He is in rebellion, and his estate sequestered; 1000li per annum.

6 myle from Shepton Mallett.

The Lord Hopton's chiefe habitacion is Witham, eleven myles from Bathe; was borne there. The Prynce dyned with the Lord Hopton. Woodhowse within two myles of Witham, belonging to Arundel, now kept by sixty -six rebells.

Kilmersdon Church, in com. Somerset. July 18, 1644. East window very old. Church:Description of drawing

No armes else or monuments in this church, though a very faire and large one.

a. This family was ancient and off good repute. See I.C.22,f 130, in Coll. Arm.;also the pedigree of Barnard, f. 362.

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The Earle of Northampton is the lord of this parish, two myles from Mells, six from Bathe.

Here the King's troope quartered.

Friday the King left Mells, and his rendesvouz was neare Nunney, where is a faire neate church, and a pretty castle belonging to the family of Prayters, called Nunney Castle. (a)

A deepe moate and a wall without that.

Four square, a long square, very narrow, the towers at each end almost joyne; four towers.

Nunney Church, co. Somerset, about two myle from Mells toward Woodhowse.

East window of the south chappel, old: Description of drawing

North windowes, north yle of church, old: Description of drawing

Against the north wall, north yle of the chruch, upon an altar monument, lyes the statue of a knight in compleate armour in the forme of the Black Prince, a lyon a this feet, under his head, upon a helme, a mantle and a leapard's head. Delamore, who temp. Edw. II. built the church and castle.

In the same chappel and neare the body of the church, stands a large white altar tombe, the statue of a man in armes with lyons gardant carved on his brest, a woman lying by him. These coates are round the sides: Description of drawing

a. He gives a rude drawing of this castle, from which it appears that the towers were then surmounted by conical roofs in the French style.

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Description of drawing

Paulet's Monument at Melcombe Paulet [qu. this addition ?].

Neare the former and more in the midst of the chappel is another lofty altar monument, the statues of a man and woman, on the top divers children. These armes on the sides.

Prayter's monument: Description of drawing

This is all the monuments and coates in this church.

Neare the church is a faire stone howse, wherein the said Mr. Prayter's sonne lives.

Batcombe Church.

A faire stone church, five bells, onely thses [coates]: Description of drawing

South window, south yle. These two painted there on the wall, and carved on the out porch:Description of drawing

A brasse in the north wall for Dr. Bisse, qui 28 Oct. 1613, a° etat. 72, mortuus, nunc regnat cum Cristo.

Non meritum, non missa juvat, non fictus et ignis;

Purgans sed cristi mors mihi sola salus.

Sic docuit vixitque pie, sic mortuus omni

Ævo Bis Doctor, quique beatus erit.

Philippus Biss,

Archidiaconus Taunton, et hujus ecclesie pastor.

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Two hands shaking, one from the clouds the other upon earth, over this brasse with this word- Farewell beloved till the Resurrection.

Biss hath a fayre stone howse neare the chruch, and lord of this towne.

That Friday night his Majestie lay at Brewton [Bruton] Abbey, the faire and noble habitacion of Sir Charles Berkley. (a) In the howse are divers quarterings and matches of this familie as impaled with Blount.

About a myle and halfe from Brewton, at Lamiat, co. Somerset, was the King's troope quartered, a small church without either armes or monument.

Captain Davies of the King's army is lord of the manor, and hath a pretty stone howse neare the church, 220li per annum.

In this march abundance of the country came to see the King, which was rare before. This Friday Woodhowse taken.

Satterday, 20 July, 1644. His Majestie marched from thence; the rendesvouz was on the hill, Queene Camel being on the left hand, the manor belonging to Sir Humfrey Mildmay of Danbury in Essex. Thence to Ivelchester that night, where his Majestie lay. The troope was quartered at Chilton, two myles off.

Chilton church hath no armes in it.

A flat coffin monument, playne, lyes within an arch under the north wall of the north chappel. The Earle of Bristoll is lord of Chilton. These coates are depicted on the walls of the church: Description of drawing

a. The church here is well deserving of notice, especially for its beautiful tower. Symonds could not have seen it, or he would, undoubtedly, have mentioned it. See an account of it in Phelps's Somersetshire, the author of which has omitted several coats of arms in glass in the different windows, many of them however mutilated or reversed. The principal coats are Quarterly, Berkeley, Botetourt, Somery, and Zouche of Mortimer, the same as on the monument, of which the author speaks, in the chancel, but in noticing which he calls the coat of Botetourt erroneously Mohun.

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Description of drawing

Tuesday, 23 July, 1644. His Majestie went to Kingsmore, a myle from Ivelchester, where all the country people of Somerset were, by the command of the Sheriffe, Sir Thomas Bridges, appointed to meet the posse comitatus. Many mett, and there was appointed as Colonels to command them Sir John Stowell, Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Edward Berkley, and Colonel Biss: when they came to the point wheher they would goe in person to serve his Majestie, few stood to it. Sir Edward Rodney had about 200, whome he had listed before.

Wednesday, 24th, his Majestie marched from hence to Chard, co. Somerset, a pretty faire towne. This morning was duel inter the Earl of Peterburgh (a) and Captain Willughby, whose father is steward to the Earl of Northampton; Willoughby wounded in the sholder and thigh, the Earl safe without hurt. Willughby challenged.

The King lay at Chard, his troope at Sir Robert Brett's howse, the manor of Whit Stanton, a fayre old stone howse. In the church these, this coate twice in old glasse, north side church window: Description of drawing

Against the north wall of the chancel is the tombe of playne coarse stone without any inscription. These escocheons are carved on the sides, sans inscription, for one Birt: Description of drawing

Upon a brasse in the south chappel in the chancel, these two coates, and this [inscription]:

a. Henry Mordaunt, second Earl of Peterborough, K.B., ob 1697.

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Description of drawing

In a little parlor in the howse these, very old: Description of drawing

In the kitchen these, as old: Description of drawing

An almes howse which the Bretts built. The family hath lived here ever since the memory of the parish.

In the great parlour these, new: Description of drawing

Thursday, 25 July, the King marched to Honyton, a market towne, co. Devon, a very poore built towne. His troope lay three myle farther nearer Exeter, at Fyniton [Feniton], where the foot were all left.

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On Friday 26, his Majestie went with his troopes leaving the horse quartered about Exeter. He lay that night in Exeter, at the Earle of Bedford's Howse.

In the Mermaid Inn in Exeter, in old glasse, these: Description of drawing

Two chests in this howse, wherein are writings belonging to the Earle of Bathe, opened by the Denhams. here this forty yeare; his lordship doth not know of it.

In the Cathedral church of Exeter.

Vide lib. M.2, the Visitation of this church.

On the south side in the yle by the quier lyes the statue of a knight crosselegged, and on his shield the armes of Bohun Earle of Northampton; two others of the same forme. The rest of the monuments are for the most Bishops; two or three stately ones of the Caryes. Description of drawing

Divers matches of that family. Judge Dodderidge's tombe, as I remember. In the north windowes of the north yle, this coate for Bishop Courtney: Description of drawing

The coate of Courtney Earle of Devon is often in these windowes.

In one of the north windowes behind the quire this coate, of one family, is thus variously borne: Description of drawing

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This Satterday, 27 July, his Majestie went to see Prince Maurice his army, seven myles neare Plymouth. His troope mett him on the way as he came back, and wayted on him to his quarters at Mr. St. Hills howse, justice of the peace, at Brodenedge [Bradninch], a mayor towne, though almost all the howses be clay, without any timber in the wall, except the doores, roofe, and windowes, which is the fashion of the country. The troope went that night six myles farther to Halverton, more into the heart of the shire, twenty-one myles from Lyme.

This day the King knighted three in Prince Maurice his army. Vide postea, Aug. 12.

The King knighted he mayor of Exeter, Sir Hugh Crocker (a) a merchant, when he was there. Sir John Berkley being governor thereof.

One Mr. Ware lives at Halverton, A Colonel in Lyme, now in rebellion. Friday night last Lyme's forces tooke most of the horses of the Lord Percies regiment and two foot colours, by falling on our quarters. This Friday was the tryned bands of Devon summoned, and mett the King, and came into his service (few).

The Earle of Essex and his whole army now within seven or eight myles of Plymouth.

Newes this day that Basing howse had slayne many of the besiegers, and had raysed the siege which had layne before to it long.

Halverton Church, com. Devon. Description of drawing

No antient monuments. There be divers flat stones, and the inscriptions are round about in text letters, being the moderne fashion of this county, cutt in this and other parishes.

A small monument of were, bencher of law, 1625. Description of drawing

This parish consists of clothiers that have land in their hands.

a. Of a good family: see I.C.1,f.236 Coll. Arm.

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From thence on Sunday, 28 July, his Majestie and the whole army marched to Crediton, vulgo called Kirton, a great lowsy towne, a corporate towne governed by a bayliffe; the best howse in the towne belongs to a Justice of the peace, where the King lay. Tuckfeild hath a great faire howse (a) neare this towne on thenorth side built by the Lord Cheife Baron Periam. In this march this day wee came over a high hill called Crisse-crosse Hill in the parish of Silverton, that survayes all the county round about, [and] lookes upon the maine by Ex. The king's troope lay at Newton St. Syres, [St. Cyrue,] three myles off Exon, betweene that and Crediton. Newes this day told by his Majestie that the Scotts in Ireland destroyed all that tooke not the Covenant.

In the church of newton St. Syres, co. Devon.

East wall, this, old: Description of drawing

These three in the lower south wall of the church: Description of drawing

These two very old, north wall: under each thus written: Description of drawing

These two east end north yle: Description of drawing

a. Now pulled down.

b. Hugh Courtenay of Boconnoc and his second wife, daughter of ----- Beaumont.

page 41

Within the north yle chancel stand two faire and large monuments, both of one peice; the upper a man in compleate coloured armour and scarfe, his left foot standing on death's head, divers matches of the family about him, for Mr. John Northcote, who was a captayne of the trayned bands in this county; the other his son Sir Joyn Northcott, now a prisoner in Exon. pour rebellion.

Sir John N. owes this manor. Description of drawing

In Devonshire they call the low grounds moores onely, and in Cornwall the highest hills are moores so called, because moores are there upon the top of the hills.

Essex and his army marched thorough Crediton (a) on Satterday last was seavenight. At that time was Prince Maurice and his army one myle from Exon. at Heavytree. None of the Prince's army went into Exon. and when Essex was gone nearer Plymouth the Prince came on the hither side of Exon.

When Essex's army was here, some of his troopes came to Newton St. Syres church, gott the key, went into the church with theri horses, and broke up the chest, and tooke out the communion cup worth 5li. and broke up the poore man's box and tooke out all, being 8s. 2d. ob.

The same company, or such like, went to Whitstone, a myle off, and tooke away a pall for buriall of black velvet, worth seven or eight pound, or rather 10li.

Others of them burnt a great reake of oates at Darverton [Thorverton] parish, five myles from Credton; the reake consisted of 500 dozen, 12 sheaves to the dozen, the accompt of this shire; and in the same parish found 1700 pound in money in the parson's howse under the pavement; tooke 200 from Mr. Tuckfeild.

Munday, 29 July, to Bow [Nymet Traci], where the King lay at an alehowse; his troope at Stretton [Spreyton] three myles distant. This day a soldier was hanged at the rendesvouz for plundering.

a. It is remarkable that Symonds makes no allusion to the fine church at Crediton.

page 42

East window Chance, old: Description of drawing

This old, south window, church. Description of drawing

Not one flat stone.

Tuesday, 30 July, to Okehampton, co. Devon, where his Majestie lay; his troope at a village belonging to the towne on the top of the hills. Neare this towne stands the remdants of an old castle, on a hill, but commanded by two far higher hills, a small black brooke running by it.

In the howse where the King lay are many coates of the Courtneyes, old. I saw them not.

Wednesday, 31. To Lifton, in com. predict. three myles short of Lanceston in com. Cornub. The King lay at the parsonage, neare the church.

Lifton Church, co. Devon, 11 myles from Okehampton.

East window chancel: Description of drawing

This twice, old: Description of drawing

This [alluding to the coat of Douglas] is in the north window, chancel, with the garter about it. (a)

This [coat of Douglas] is carved on the seates, chancel; old, with the garter.

East window, south yle chancel: Description of drawing

page 43

South window, chancel: Description of drawing

North window, chancel, these: Description of drawing

First north window, chancel, these three, very old: Description of drawing

Second window: Description of drawing

Belfrey, these three:-

This in a south window, very old: Description of drawing

West window north yle, this againe, thus impaled: Description of drawing

Against the north wall of the chancel is a large monument, three statues, two of men, the other of a woman kneeling, over theire heads this: Description of drawing

page 44

And this shield: Description of drawing

Middle, a man in armour: Description of drawing

Under every of them are verses, thus: Anagram for Arthur H.

                                 Arturus Harriseius.

               Ephes.i.14. Tu ruris Arrha Jesus.

Round about a flat stone this, the letters cutt in: Description of drawing

This evening his Majestie with his troop, Prince Maurice and his troop, went to see the passes of the river which divides Cornwall and Devon. Two bridges pulled up.

This night the troop quartered at Haynes, the ancient seate of Harris, a myle from Lifton more into Devonshire; round about the howse many rowes of sett tall oakes in brave order. This Harris that now owes it married the Lord Mohun's daughter; sans children, both O, but she the cause. His estate is about 1000l. per annum.

Some of us quartered in the parish of Stoford, [Stowford,] two myles short of Liften. In the howse of Haynes are divers matches of the family of Harris, old: Description of drawing

page 45

This evening his highnes Prince Maurice his army marched after the King's army thorough Lifton. On Wednesday some of his horse and foot entered into Lansdon  [Launceston] in Cornwall; all Essex his army being gone thence, and no resistance. This day came a messenger to the King from Sir Richard Grenvill to the rendesvouz, and told that Sir Richard was 8,000 strong, and desired his Majestie to make hast towardes him. The King bid the fellow tell him he was coming with all possible speed with an army of 10,000 foot, 5,000 horse, and 28 peice of cannon. Prince Maurice his army consisting (out of this number) of 5,000 foot, five-and-twenty hundred horse, 11 piece of cannon.

                                        Stoford [Stowford] Church.

Mr Harris is lord of it. Upon a flat stone in the chancel this coate and inscriptions cutt into the stone; the one circumscribed with text letters; that in the midst is printed.

Hic jacet Gulielm' Darrel filius natu minim' Ed.Dar. nup'de Ilmere in com.

Buck'gener', qui ob. 18 Oct. anno 1640, etat' 86.

Was parson of this parish.  Description of drawing

Harris his coates are painted on the walls.

Thursday, 1 Aug., his Majestie marched to Trecarell, in the parish of Lysant [Lezant], and lay there at the howse of Mr. Manaton, in com. Cornubiæ.

The whole army lay this night round about this howse in the feild.

These are antient in the hall windowes of the howse of Mr, Manaton aforementioned: Description of drawing

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Description of drawing

These following on the right side windowes coming into the hall: Description of drawing

This last is carved over the doore.

This day a fellow that was carrying letters from Essex was taken and hangd below the rendezvous, that all the army might see him as they marched by.

Friday, 2 Aug. 1644. Newes that Essex was at Foye, [Fowey,] and had taken it; his army most at Bodman in Cornwall, His Majestie, &c. marched about 4 in the morning and came that night to Liskard, com. Cornub. A mayor towne, large, the buildings of stone covered with slate, one church. He lay at Mr. Jeanes howse. At the rendezvous 2 captaynes  of Essex men were brought prisoners. One was Will of the West, a famous wrestler and carpenter in Chancery Lane; the other a pewterer, of London. At night, 2 other of their captaynes taken of horse and 12 troopers at St.

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Clere. Newes that Essex was at Bodman, 10 myles off, and marching towards us.

The King's troop lay in Mynhenet [Menheniot] parish 2 myle from Liskard, at the villages of Beloytha [Belitho] and Curtether [Cartether].

Trecarrel built the howse where his Majestie lay the night before, themp. Hen. 7.

Tre signigyes towne, and carrol, merry or song in Cornish. Most of the gentry of this county live toward the South sea. This part of Cornwall which wee have seene they account barren. The people speake good and playne English here hitherto. Divers of the country people came to the King with much joy to tell him of his enemyes where they lay, "and please his worship."

Liskard Church. South window, south yle, chancel these, old: Description of drawing

The seates of the south yle of the church have escocheons with severall bearings alluding to the passion, of the scourge, whip, &c. dice, lanthorne, garment.

South yle window, below. Description of drawing

West window, south yle, this: Description of drawing

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North window, north yle, chancel: Description of drawing

Divers flat stones in the chancel, the inscriptions round about cutt in text; most of them write "gent."; noe armes on the stone.

In the windowes of Mr. Harris his howse, a myle from Liskerd Sowthward, called curtether, a large old howse. Description of drawing

'Tis the manor of Curtether, anciently belonging to the family of Becket till this two yeares; 200l per ann., a great estate in this county.

On the east end of the towne of Liskerd stands the ruines of walls of a castle, belonging say they to a duke. The Prince of Wales now keepes court there at a house adjoining; 'tis his manor.

Satterday, 3 August. divers prisoners of Essex his army brought into the King; among the rest two women tooke one.

Sunday 4. Some of the country people came and complained to the King that the enemy was a plundering of the country and desired ayde. The king sent a party of house of Colonel Nevil's regiment, commanded by Sir Bernard Gascoigne, an Italian, who troopes with Colonel Nevil, and the Colonel went with him as a volunteir. They mett with a boy who told of a many of gay men at the Lord Mohun's howse. Notwithstanding they had eighty musqueteires to guard them, as they were caressing they forced the doores

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upon them, killed the man that locked the doore, broke up the howse, took Colonel Aldridge who was governor of Aylesbury, the Leiftenant-Colonel, Captain, and one Ensign of Essex his life guard, another Leiftenant-Colonel, without the losse of any one of his Majesties party. This howse was within two miles of Essex his head quarters. Dalbeir, a Dutchman, Quartermaster-General of Essex his army and engineer, was in this howse with those rebels, but putt off his sword and hatt and pretended to be servant to the house of my Lord Mohun, and so escaped.

Munday his Majestie went unto the heath, Caryton Downe, towards Launcester, and met those soldjers which were raysed by his warrants of those that escaped Essex his search. Their commanders were most of them gone to Sir Richard Grenvile. There were in all about 100. xx prisoners more taken this day from Essex.

Wednesday his Majestie with his army went to Brodock Downe or Heath, the place where the Lord Ruthin Gray [Grey de Ruthyn] was beate in cornwall: this was within three myles of Essex his head quarters, being at Listithel: some scouts of both sides mett, four of our foot killed in fetching in provision, one more killed that was sent to fetch in the rambling soldjers.

His Majestie and his troope, with the Prince, faced on the top of the hill from 12 to 5; the foot army lay short of the hill all night. The King returned to Liskerd, where wee watcht on horseback: the horse in this night marched towards the foot, which were before, being about four myles from Liskeerd.

Thursday, 8th August. The whole army of the King's lay upon Brodock Downe, about 16,000 horse and foot. some scouts of the enemyes scene about 11 of the clock. The forlorne of 1,000 foot, commanded by Colonel Apleyard, went off the heath through a lane between inclosures to another heath called by the same name, nearer the enemy. Some bodyes of our horse followed about 12 of the clock.

This morning the Lord Willmott, Leift.-General of the horse, was comitted.

Goring was made generall of the King's horse this morning. Lord

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Wentworth was searjeant-Major of the Horse before and now too. The King's army, besides Prince Maurice, of horse, consisted of five brigades-Lord Willmott's. Lord Northampton's. being taken out of the Lord Willmott's, Lord Cleveland's, Lord Wentworth's. Colonel Bennet's. Divers great parties of our horse beate the enemyes horse quite off the hills within wiew of Listithiel, the head quarter of Essex. Wee took some prisoners, five or six killed on both sides in piquering. Some of their foot was seene this day neare this towne of Listithiel in the close; parties onely of their horse mett some of ours.

Toward night the body of the King's foot were moving toward the enemy nearer, but, growing night, returned halfe a myle back to the bottome of another hill.

Friday 9th. About 8 of the clock the body of our foot moved toward Listithiel.

Newes from Oxford this morning, that the Lord Rich was renegaded to the rebells at London, though not considerable. Ben Holf. dead at Exon. That Waller was at Abingdon on Tuesday last was sevenight.

About 10, some of their foot came out of the towne and hill. They shott two peice of cannon at halfe an howre after 10 at ours.

Prince Maurice his army had the van this day, and marched towards my Lord Mohun's howse in the parish of Boconock, and ....between this howse and the Lord Roberts [Robartes] his howse called Lanhedriack [Lanhdrock], both howses being but four myles distant.

                                            Boconnock Church.

West window, chruche, old: Description of drawing

East window south yle, these, old: Description of drawing

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Description of drawing

East window this, old: Description of drawing

Against the north wall of the chancel is a faire monument, the picture of a man and two women, six sons, three daughters.

Here lyeth the body of Sir William Mohun, who dyed 6 April, 1588.

This quartering in the midst. Description of drawing. "Edward Duke of York and Philippa Mohun." (a)

Divers matches of this family, and over the head of the sons, the coates of Mohun and his wife impaled. Over the daughters their names and the coates of their husbands.

Another monument at the east end, with pictures of three children and the coate of Mohun. Description of drawing

This Reynold was grandfather to the now Lord Mohun.

a. She was third daughter and coheir of John Lord Mohun, one of the founders of the Order of the Garter, and sister of the wife of John Lord Strange.

Another, the picture of a woman maried to William Drew, of the Mohuns.

Another of an infant of this family.

Another, the picture of a woman.

The monument of Margaret the daughter of Martin Trewmard Esq. widdow of John Lanton, Esq. who dyed the 13 March, 1616.

These two are cutt in stone over the chimney in the parlor. Description of drawing

Among the rest these verses:

And yonder innocent transcends death farr

For of a Moun shee's cutt into a starr.

Description of drawing

Among the rest these verses are upon the monument of Penelope daughter of Sir Raynold Mohun, wife to William Drew of Broad Henbury, com. Devon, Esq. Description of drawing

My name was Mohun, my fates like various were;

My short life's often changes makes it cleare.

A virgin star on earth a wife I shind

With noted splendor cheifly of the mind,

Till my will. Drew me to his nuptiall bed,

Then soone by God's high call to heaven I fled,

Not without hope in Christ to live agen,

Set in the walls of his Jerusalem.

Twenty-five quarterings of the Mohuns in the great parlour of the Lord Mohun's howse, where the King quartered this night, supported with two lyons [rampant] gardant crowned.

           Motto - Generis revocamus honores.

The army of foot quartered on the hills northward neare this towne.

The head quarters of our horse was this night at St. Neot's.

This Friday in the open feilds a commanded party of our horse

page 53

mett with some of the enemy, but loosely retreated without charging. No buisnes of noate done; some soldiers came in, some taken.

This evening his highnes Prince M. and the Generall the Earle of Forth sent a lettre (subscribed likewise by the chiefe officers) to Essex for a treaty by a trumpeter.

Sermon on sunday before the King at this church, speaking against popery; that one of the greatest arguments against them is the denyall of reading the Scriptures: for how can that be an honest guardian that will not suffer the heire looke into his father's will?

Satterday morning about ten of the clock came the King's trumpet back from Essex, and brought a leter directed for his highness Prince Maurice and the Earle of forth:

     My Lords,

                           In the beginning of your lettre you express by what authority you send it. I having no authority to treat without the Parliament who have entrusted me, cannot doe it without breach of trust.

                                         Your humble servant,

                                                            Essex.

          From Listithiel, Aug. 10, 1644.

Newes about night that Sir richard Grenvile was with his army at Bodman and had forced his entrance into the towne. This afternoone the King and his cavaliers went on to the hills upon Brodock Downe, where he saw many of the insolent rebells braving upon the adjoyneing hill betwixt him and Listithiel: many horse mett on both sides, in piquering; none killed, few wounded, many of the rebells were.

Sunday, 11 Aug. this morning came newes that the Lord Hopton, who had about 2000 men with him, mett with Sir Richard Grenvile and his whoe army. About 3 in the afternoone Sir Richard came to court; left his army at or about Bodman, raysing up workes as if they would fortifie the towne, but in the night left it, and all lay on the Downe. When sir Richard came to Bodman he  found about 100 troopers plundering there; seven of them were killed and taken prisoners. One Ramsey a Scott with Sir Richard killed three,

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but afterwards taken prisoner. This night the rebels left Resprin Bridge, neare the Lord Roberts his howse. So by that meanes there was free passage from Sir Richard Grenvile's army to ours.

Monday his Majestie went on to the hill where he was on Satterday before, where he saw many of the rebels scouts vaunting on the foresaid hill, but our horse beate them off awhile, but after an howre they possesst it agayne. When our horse had the hill, some of our men by the King’s command scattered some papers, that if any would come in that were in rebellion, they should be pardoned and received into grace, signed by Mr. Walker (a) as the King’s express pleasure. One of our horse shott and some of theirs, few killed. This afternoone by reason of the want of provision his Majesties troops went to quarter at Liskerd.

 At Crediton, (vide retro,) Sunday,28 July, when his Majestie came from Oxford, he knighted Sir Thomas Basset, Generall of the ordinance to Prince Maurice, and Sir Joseph Wagstaffe, Serjeant Major  Generall to the Prince, sir henry Carye who had  a gallant regiment in the Prince his army. These were knighted when the King went from Exon. to see the Princes’s army, it being the first time he saw it, being Satterday, 27 of July.

 Tuesday, 13. Sir Jacob Astley tooke two butts of sack, much tobacco, and horseshoes, &c. coming from Foye to the enemy.

 M. [?mem.] whether the Lord Hopton fell on the enemy and killed many.

 Wednesday, Aug. 14. Sir Richard Grenvile made approaches nearer the enemy on the west side of the river, 2000 of the Prince’s foot joyneing with him. This day Lord Percy quitted his place of Generall of the Ordinance, and his Majestie gave it to the Lord Hopton.

 This night the King’s army stood to their armes all night. Commanded by Prince Maurice, that one of his soldiers should be hanged, and a ticket written on him, for plundering the Lord Roberts his howse. It seemes a protection was given to the howse and a strict order. In the howse was found many bowes and divers

 Afterwards Sir Edward Walder, Garter King of Arms.

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 Quivers of arrows, and 6, 7, or 8 of the Lord Mohun’s horse there too. This was wett weather.

 Thursday. A blustring cold day, and the evening very wett: above 40 prisoners brought to Liskerd from the army, but they escaped out of prison.

 Friday, 16 Aug. The King’s army of foot removed the leaguer wider, and at more distance. (A wett day.) This night the enemy gave an alarm to the King’s army and to head quarter at Boconnock. The King this day went on the other side of the river to the Lord Roberts his howse. Two of Essex’s men came in to us this day, and told that provisions were very scarce with Essex.

 Satterday, 17. His Majestie attended with his owne troope, Queenes troope, commanded by Captain Brett, and sixty commanded troopers, went to Clife, a parish on this side of the river that runs to Listithiel, where Colonel Lloyd the Quartermaster Generall’s regiment lyes to keepe the passe. The enemye keepes the passe on the other side  at the parish of Glant. From thence his Majestie went to Lantegles to the manor howse belonging to the Lord Mohun just over against Foye, where his royall person ventred to goe into a walke there, which is within halfe musket shott from Foye, where a poore fisherman was killed in looking over, at the same time that his Majestie was in the walke, and in the place where the King a little afore passed by. A little below are some of our great pieces that command the towne of Foye, and beyond that a fort of urs that commands the entrance into the mouth of Foye haven in the parish of Perwyn: this howse, walke, &c. being gotten by the vigilant care of Sir Jacob Astley, Major-Generall of his Majestie’s army, three of four days before, which now is mainteyned by 200 commanded foot off ours under Sir Jacob’s command. At night his Majestie, &c., returned to their quarters. ‘Tis twelve myles from Listithiel to Foye.

 A gentleman of this county told me the original of the Lord Roberts his family. His great-grandfather was servant to a gentleman of this county, his hynd. Afterwards lived in Truro, and traded in wood