Sir Richard Molyneux
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And fferzen: got an estate of 5 or 6000l; his son was so bred, and lived there too, putt out his money, and his debtors paid it him in tynn. He, engrossing the sale of tyn, grew to be worth many thousands (300,000l.). His sonn was squeezed by the court in King Jams his time of 20,000l.: so was made a Baron, and built the house at Lanhedriak, now the seate of this Lord Roberts.

Sunday, 18 August. Some of the rebel horse came within the Lord Mohun’s parke, but theire boldness was presently forced to fly.


Tuesday.  Proclamacion that all stragling foot  presently repair to their colonels, upon payne of death.

Wednesday, 21 August. The King’s troope and Queenes troope marched in the night from Liskerd to the leaguer at Boconnock. About five in the morning, being very misty, the King’s army and Prince Maurice’s was drawne out, and about seven they marched on to the top of the high hill that lookes into Listithiel. The body of foot and cannot lay all this day on this and the adjoyning hill, being on each side flanked with horse, and ta reserve of horse consisting of the earl of Cleveland’s brigade behind the foot.

A commanded party of 1000 foot, led by Coll. (blank) of Prince Maurice army, gott a hill this side the river neare the towne, where at bottome was a passe. The small cottages which were on this hill next the towne were all this forenoone a burning. Our foot and theirs pelting one at another all day: small harme done to ours. The enemy shott a many great peices of cannon at them and at the left wing of our horse; little or no hurt. Thus stood both armyes all this day on this side. But Sir R. Grenvile with 700 men on the other side pelted the rogues from their hedges betweene the Lord Roberts his howse and Listithiel and neare Trinity (Restormyn) castle, in the parish of Lanhedriack or Listithiel, which castle was this morning surprised by Sir Richard Grenvile's men and some thirty of the rebells taken and divers barrels of beefe. This day Major Smyth, that commanded a party of horse neare this castle, who did most gallantly, was shott with a musket bullet, yet living.

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At night Sir Richard Grenvile's men retired. Towards night the body of the King's foot gott into the closes on the hills of the left and right side of the playne that goes down to Listithiel, and in the night planted many peices of our cannon. That hiss on the left hand neare the chappel of St. Neeton's [St. Nighton] in the parish of St. Twynoe [St. Winnow], was commanded by a commanded party of about 1000, led by Colonel Apleyard. The hill opposite was kept by Prince Maurice his army.

Thursday, August 22. This day wee mainteyned in all parts what wee had gott in the night, many of the enemies great shott of 9lb. being shott at our men. One of our cannon shott luckily at a party of the enemyes horse, and killed two horse and one horse leg shott off at once. Most part of this day the King's and Queenes troopes faced the enemy of the top of the playne, doing duty. This night upon the top of the highest hill, and in the middle between our hedges and the enemyes hedges, our men made a worke twenty yards square, notwithstanding many of the enemyes shott. Rostormyn [Restormel] castle was the ancient seate of the Duke of Cornwall.

Friday, 23. The worke on the top of the hill aforesaid next the said chappel seemed in the mysty morning to the enemye to be a body of horse, as some of their centryes were heard to say. They shott a piece of 9lb. many times at this worke, killed one and hurt another; that was all the hurt was done to us this day at the worke. On Sir Richard Grenvile's side Colonel Champernown of Devon, Colonel to the Prince Maurice, leading up his foot neare Trinity castle, was shott in the neck; his owne men tooke off his sword and cloake and left his body, which the enemy tooke. Since by a drummer we heare that his wounds is not mortall.

This halfe of the day fine, four in the morning till twelve. The King's troope and Queene's with Prince Maurice's faced on the plaine the day before. All the afternoone, a commanded party of both troops wayted on the King there till night. Then we returned to our quarters in the field, as the two nights before; mornings and evenings being very mysty; through the night starlight.

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Satterday, 24 August, being the day of Saint Bartholomewe, the forenoone was spent in great shott from them to our battery. No harme: wee gott many of their bullets. About xii, of the clock his Majestie went downe to court to dinner; his troop and the Queene's drew off then too, having been there ever since the day began. In the afternoone about three of the clock the King went upon the hill, and divers came and told him the enemy was gone towards foye, for indeed none or very fewe of them could be seene; about two of their cannon played some time, and some muskets; almost all that were there besides the King and Prince Maurice were of opinion hey were gone.

Sunday, 25 August, His Majestie went into the feild upon  the hill at three in the morning, attended as before, the morning being very wett and wyndy: presently sends word to the Prince his army to know if they were marching, and to tell them he was here and ready, and that he conceived it a fitt morning to doe the buisines; likewise he sent the like to Sir Jacob Astley to tell his owne army so. Preparacions on all parts of the King's side: his horse are come into the feild, half of them gone over to Sir Richard Grenviles's side. An [?hourly] expectacion of our rediness to fall on: Prince Maurice about twelve of the clock comes armed and tells the King he was ready, and asked the King if he were so: ymediately their resolution altered, and our troops were sent to Liskerd. Long before this 'twas evident enough that the enemy was not gone, onely was hid from the danger of our battery, but was toute preparé to receive us. 'Twas appointed for the Westerne army to fall on first.

Munday. This day 2,000 horse and 1,000 foot of the King's went to westward behind the enemy to stopp their landing of provisions by sea, and to hinder their foraging westward by land. Also this day came to us 100 barrels of powder, &c. from Pendennis Castle, and much from Dartmouth.

Brodock [Broadoak or Bradock] Church, com. Cornub.

In the South-West of the church are many coates in allusion to the Passion - Argent, three nails sable; ladder in bend; and divers

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more cutt upon the seates in escocheons. This of Courtney is cutt on the seates

Three torteaux.

Courteney did owe this land and Boconnock also. Sir William Mohun, father to Sir Reynold Mohun, bought Boconnock of the Queene Elizabeth: it fell by attaynder to her from Courtney, who was beheaded in the beginning of her rayne.

Mr. williams, of Ivy Bridge, in com. Devon. is patron of Brodock.

Munday morning the King's and Queen's troopes removed from hence to Lanreth, 3 myles nearer the south sea.

                [Lanreth Church, com. Cornub.]

In the south windowes of the chancel these coates, pretty old: East window south yle these three: Description of drawing

South window that yle these two, older: Description of drawing

The partition between the church and chancel, which was the foundacion of the roodloft, is carved and guilt.

Against the south wall of the chancel is a pretty neate monument, fairely colourd and guilt, the effigies of a man and woman, 3 sons and 4 daughters: these coates and inscription: Description of drawing

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Here Lyeth ye body of Charles Gryles, Esq. counsellor-at-law, who was buried the 2nd day of March,  1611. Also the body of Agnes Gryles his wife, who was buried 13 day of June, 1607, by whom he had 4 sons and 4 daughters, all which daughters are departed this life, and one sonne. In memory of whome this monument is erected, by John Gryles, Esq. their son and heire. 1623.

(Two flat stones in Tavistock, with the coates of Gryles.)

These escocheons are often carved on the seates of the south yle belonging to this family, and coloured: Description of drawing

Upon the old seates in the church these are carved: Description of drawing

These alluding to passion: Description of drawing

In this county they call the church clerk the bed-man or grave-maker.

          By tre, pol, and pen,

          You may know the Cornish men. (a)

The seates and habitations of the gentlemen in Cornwall at this present as follows.

a Camden's version is:- By Tre, Ros, Pol, Lan, Caer, and Pen,

                                   You may know the Cornish men.-Remaines, p.142.

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                              Towards the Northerne Sea.

At Stowe, Sir John son to Sir Bevil Grenvyle lives, being the antient seate of that family.

Lanherne, belonging to the family of Arundel, who has a vast estate in this county. Sir John Arundel, being a ward, knighted at Boconnock, and that freed his wardship.

Ruscarick, belonging to the family of Ruscarick, very antiently. 500l per annum: had more.

Carminow, Esq. an antient family, and had much possessions, now poore; lives in St. Eth [?St.Erth]. 200l per annum.

Godolphyn, tyn myne. Colonel of a foot company in Prince Maurice his army.

Sir Richard Vivian [Vyvyan], of Trelawarren, neare Helston.

Sir Charles Trevanion, knighted now at Boconnock, af Carhese. 1500l per annum.

John Trefuse [Trefusis], Esq. lives at Maylor [Mylor].

John Arundel, of Trerice, now Governor of Pendennis Castle.

Sir Francil Basset, of Tehiddy, in the parish of [Illogan], now Sheriffe of Cornwall, this yeare, 1644, brother to Sir Thomas Basset, Generall of the Ordinance to Prince Maurice. This Francis was knighted at Boconnock.

                                           East Part of Cornwall.

Sir William Wraye, of Trebeth [Trenbigh], in the parish of St. Ives; his son, a colonel of the foot, with 700l per annum, was knighted at Bristol 1643, under age.

Peirs Edgcombe, of Mount Edgcombe, in the parish of Maker, neare Milbroke. 30,000l [?3000l] per annum.

John Conock, of Trewergey, neare Liskerd.

William Glyn, Esq. of Glyn, in the parish of Cardinham. 600l per annum.

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William Coryton, of Newton, Esq.

John Harrys, of Stoake, Esq. and of Curtether, in the parish of Mynhennett.

                                   South Parts of Cornwall.

Warwick, Lord Mohun, of boconnock. 2,000l per annum.

Sir John Trelawney, of Trelawney, in the parish of Pelynt. 1,000l per annum.

Walter Langdon, Esq. of Keveryn [Keverell], in the parish of St. Martin's. 600l per annum.

John Gryles, Esq. of Court, in the parish of Lanreath. 700l per annum.

Mr Trefry at Foye.

Saturday, Aug 31. The night before the King had notice (being at Boconnock,) (his troopes at Lanreath,) that the enemy was marching away. General notice was given thereof at one of the clock in the night. His troop and the Queen's troop came to Bocconnoc, whither came newes that the enemyes horse were then upon the downe and coming up betweene the hills where our whole army's leaguer was, but most of our foote were stragling, 3 parts of 4. The Earle of Cleveland, with those of his brigade, viz. most of his colours, but not above one hundred of 400 men, faced the enemy on the hill, but did not, nay dare not, charge them, as Leiut.-colonel Leake tolde us. When the King came up wee saw most of their body of horse on the hill, neare Brodock, upon that downe; ymmediately the Earle of Cleveland's brigade and the Queen's regiment followed them and charged their reare. The King, supposing they would goe thorough Liskerd and Launceston, sent 2 messengers of our troope, Mr. Brooke and Mr. Samuel West, with a letter to Sir Fr. Dorington, (who hath 1,000 horse in Devon.) to stop theire march. But the enemy went not neare Liskerd this day, but went right to Saltash, to ferry their horse over into Devonshire.

In this interim his Majestie lost no time, but with those foot he had (which God knowes were very few, most of them being stragled

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abroad the country for provision,) and with his owne troope and the Queenes, marched towards Listithiel. On the hill next beyond the towne were bodyes of the enemyes foot with colours left in their reare to make good their retreate: their baggage, artillery, and the rest of Essex his foot army having marched all night towards Foye. At 7 in the morning, the King's forlorne hope of foot, consisting of about 1,000, entred Listithiel, without much opposition, their foot still retreating. And after that his Majestie had commanded 2 or 3 pieces of cannon to be placed in the enemyes leaguer to command the hill where their foot reserve stood, the enemyes reserve marched away, our forlorne following them in chase from feild to feild in a great pace. About 8 of the clock his Majesty with the two troopes passt over the river on the south side of Listithiel, where the enemy had left a cartload of muskets, besides many more in the durt a little higher, 5 pieces of cannon in several places, 2 of them being very long ones. with this small force his Majesty chased them 2 myles, beating them from hedge to hedge. Being come neare that narrow neck of ground betweene Trewardreth [Tywardreath] Bay and St. Veepe passe, the rebells made a more forcible resistance; then about 11 of the clock Captain Brett led up the queenes troope, and most gallantly in view of the King charged their foot and beate them from their hedge, killing many of them, notwithstanding their musquets made abundance of shott at his men; he received a shott in the left arme in the first field, and one of his men, La Plune, a Frenchman killed, yet most gallantly went on and brought his men off; his cornett's horse shott, with 2 other horses, and 2 more wounded; he retreated to be dresst, and the King called hiim and tooke his sword which was drawne in his hand, annd knighted Sir Edward Brett on his horse's back. This was just at 12 of the clock. About this time wee tooke 7 or 8 prisoners, wherof one was a captayne of foot, who was taken by Captain Brett's men, and another tooke one of their canoneirs, who was pitifully drunke, having shott of his cannon but once. Now the King's foot came in apace and increased much. Shooting continued much on both sides, more on theirs, wee still gayning ground.

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About 4 of the clock some of the rebells' horse ( they having 2 or 3 troopes with them,) charged our foot, but the Lord Bernarrd ymediately gott leave of the King to draw up his troope, who were all ready, and drew up to the rogues, standing their musket shott a long time; but, because their horse retreated and their foot lay so close under the hedges, which are all cannon proofe and have no avenues wider then one or in some places 2 horse can approach at a time, and likewise because hiss Majesty sent to drew us off, wee fairely retreated: on of the Queenes troope here was killed. More of our foot coming up to releive the rest. By this time Colonel Goring, Generall of his Majesties horse, came to the King, having not heard of the enemyes march till 10 of the clock. Now was our foot in great bodyes gott upon the high hill just in the narowest passage of land betweene Trewardreth parish church and the passage over the river which runs by Listithiel. Just at 6 of the clock the enemy made a very bold charge both of cannon, muskets, and horse, to gaine this hill, as likewise the passe neare St. Veepe, but were valliantly beate off, and our men not onely keeping both but gott some ground also: this heate lasted about an howre; at first it was so hott that the Lord Bernard drew out his Majesties troope with the colours (for the time before wee left them with the King) to charge the rebells, but Generall Goring mett us and told him the roome was too little for horse and our troopers to charge too, and advised he would please to face a little and draw off to the King. Here was of the Qheenes troope one shott in the sholder. With our troope was deawn up the Qheenes, Prince Maurice his life guard, commanded by Arundel, and the Lord Hopton's, which was comanded by Sir Thomas Wilford, of Kent: these made a brave body of about 200, all  well armed.

The King sending for us to come to him, and the enemyes vollyes abating and ceasing, wee were drawne in the next close but one where his Majesty was. And this was the cheife of the buisines of this day. Now did many of the enemyes cannon give fyre at our men, till darke night. I saw a fellow of ours dresst, a musketeir who was shott in the chin, the sholder, and the hand by cannon at one shoot.

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This night the King lay under the hedge with his servants in one feild. The troopes of life guards lay in the next, it being very wyndy, and crosse wind for Essex shipping of his men, and rayned much and great stormes. I saw 8 or 9 of the enemyes men dead under the hedges this day.

Some shooting continued all night.

Sunday, primo Septembris. This morning our army was in the same place it lay in thenight, and samll or no shooting on either side.

The 4 life guards about 7 of the clock were sent to quarteers; wee to Lanreth; for all the pasture in those feilds was eate up very bare by the enemyes horse, whome wee had in this time of stay almost starved.

This morning, abut seven of the clock, Generall Goring was sent with the horse to pursue the enemyes horse, who as the King was informed were gotten into Saltash. Sir Edward Walgrave, de com. Norfold, colonel of horse, tooke above one hundred of the rebells horse in the pursuite on Satterday, and told the King that if the country had brought in intelligence but an howre or two sooner, where and which way they went, he believed they might have cutt off and taken all their horse, they were such cowards and so ferefull that eight (sayd he) would make twenty cry for quarter. Essex his life guards, commanded by (blank) Doyley, * went away with the horse as wee heard. He himself was with the foot.

This sunday, the rebells being within but a little compasse of ground, (being surrounded by sea on three parts, and our army on the land,) and because their rebell Generall the Earle of Essex, Robert Devereux, and their Field Marshall the Lord Roberts, with many others of their cheife commanders, had left them, and went by sea as they supposed, or they knew not which way, Skippon, now left in cheife, being Major Generall, sent propositions of treaty to his sacred Majesty, who out of his abundant mercie, notwithstanding having them all in so great advantage, was pleased to give them leave to march away with these condicions:

    * ? Colonel Edward Doyley, afterwards Governor of Jamaica.

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Leaving all their cannon, which were in all 42, and 1 morter. All their musquetts and pikes, which were (blank). All their cariages except one to a regiment. To march away with their colours, and foot officers with their swords. Those officers of horse with swords, hatbands, and pistolls.

A waggon full of musquet arrows, 100 barrels of powder.

Munday, 20 Septembris, 1644.

His Majesties army of foot stood on the same ground of thereabouts as before, the several regiments by themselves, and the colours stuck in the ground flying. His Majestie in the feild accompanied with all his gallant cavaliers dispersed in severall places.

While about 10 of the clock, Major Skippon, first or in the front, marched with all that rowt of rebells, after the colorus of their several regiments. These regiments I tooke a note of after three or four had passt.

Colonel Robert.

Colonel Bartlet.

Colonel Aldridge, blew colours with lions rampant or.

Colonel Davies, white colours, Citty London.

Colonel Conyngham, greene colours.

Coonel Whichcote, greene, Citty London.

Colonel Weare, A. [? argent] Governor of Lyme.

Colonel Carr, potius Karr,xj ensignes or, distinctions b. [sc.blue.]

These are Plymouth men. they had more foot.

Colonel Layton, a regiment of horse, b. cornets. All their ensignes and cornets were wound up. veloped.

It rayned extremely as the varlets marched away, a great part of the time.

The King himselfe ridd about the feild and gave strict command to his cheife officers to see that none of the enemye were plundered, and that all his soldiers should repair to their colours which were in the adjoyneing closes. Yet, notwithstanding our officers with their swords drawne did perpetually beate off our foot, many of them lost their hatts, &c.

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Yet most of them escaped this danger till they came to Listithiel, and there the people inhabitants and the country people plundered some of their officers and all, notwithstanding a sufficient party of horse was appointed by his Majesty to be their convoy.

They all, except here and there an officer, (and seriously I saw not above three or four that looked like a gentleman,) were strucken with such a dismal feare, that as soone as their colour of the regimennt was passt, (for every ensigne had a horse and rid on him and was so suffered,) the rout of soldjers of that regiment presst all of a heape like sheep, though not so innocent. So durty and so dejected as was rare to see. None of them, except some few of their officers, that did looke any of us in the face. Our foot would flowt at them and bid them remember Reading, Greenland Howse (where others that did not condicion with them tooke them away all prisoners), and many other places, and then would pull their swords, &c away, for all our officers still slasht at them.

The rebells told us as they passt that our officers and gentlemen carried themselves honorably, but they were hard dealt withall by the common soldjers.

This was a happy day for his Majesty and his whole army, that without losse of much bloud this great army of rascalls that soe triumphed and vaunted over the poore inhabitants of Cornwall, as if they had bin invincible, and as if the King had not bin able to follow them, that 'tis conceived very few will gett safe to London, for the country people whome they have in all the march so much plundered and robd. that they will have their pennyworths out of them.

One of their actions while they were at Listithiel must not be forgotten. In cotempt of Christianity, Religion, and the Church, they brought a horse to the fount in the church, and there with their kind of ceremonies did as they called it Christian the horse and called him by the name of Charles, in contempt of his sacred Majesty.

Another was done by their Provost Martiall, who put his prisoners in the said church. The night they marched away, two of the

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prisoners, being rich men of Cornwall, gott up in the steeple and pulled up the ladder and called to the marshall, jeering at him. "Ile fetch you down," saide he, and sett mulch and hay on fire under them, besides they shott many muskets into the belfry at them; all would not doe. Then he fetcht a barrel of powder and gave fire to it, thretning to blow them up, and that blew into the church and blew off most of the slate and yet did no hurt to the prisoners.

They had a strong hold and a hill, where was an old dowble trenched fort, wherein they had planted many of their great peices. It would have bin difficult to beate them out of it; and then Foye was fortified, and when his Majesties forces were in Foye, before Essex his men tooke it, it was governed by Mr. Trefry, who lives in it and hath a very faire all [old?] seate there.

Tuesday, 3o Sept. The King and all his army rested; wee at Lanreath.

Wednesday, 4o. The King marched from Boconnock to Liskerd; his majestie lay at mr. Jeanes. The troopes of life guards marched 6 myles farther to Southill. Lord Bernard quartered at Mr. Manaton's, of Manaton, in this parish. This coate, old, in the hall window: Description of drawing

These coates and writing are painted, old, in the parlor of Trefray house. Visited Munday, 1o September, 1644. Description of drawing (a)

a This and the two following coates ought clearly to be impaled and not quarterly.

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Description of drawing

And 9 matches more in this roome, some imperfect.

Neare the church of Foye is a large old howse of stone belonging to mr. Trefry.

In the hall windows, these, old: Description of drawing

These newer, in the hall: Description of drawing

                           Foye Church, com. Cornub.

The church is Langode in the parish of Foye: the old towne of Foye is on the river nearer Listithiel.

Chancel window east, these two, very old: Description of drawing

South yle windowes of the chancel, belonging to the family of Trefry:

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Description of drawing

South window, south yle: Description of drawing

South window, south yle of the church, these two: Description of drawing

This old and fayre and  large: Description of drawing

Second south window this: Description of drawing

West window south yle, this, old: Description of drawing

In the south yle of the chancel, the picture of a man and woman in brasse, and this inscription, two shields gone (temp. Edward II. at least):

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Description of drawing

Another with the pictures of a man and woman, two shields, top gone: Description of drawing

A flat stone there, the picture of a man in armes scratcht in the stone; the inscriptioon is round about   imperfect: dyed 1590, 28 January, Trefry, esquire. Description of drawing

Another huge large stone, three prictures of men in armes scratcht upon the stone, these two shields, and the inscription circumscribed: Description of drawing

Another flat stone there: Description of drawing

Here under lyethh buried the body of Thoma Treffry, Esq. and of Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Killingrew, Esq., the which Thomas dyed the yere 1563, the 24 of Jan. for whose godly departing the Lord be praysed. Amen.

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A course [sic orig.] monument against the east of the said yle: Description of drawing

In an escocheon on the wall over this monument aforesaid: Description of drawing

This also in a paper [sic orig.] on the wall: Description of drawing

There hangs two pennons, mantle, helme, and crest, old: Description of drawing

In the north yle of the church lyes a fayre alablaster monument, the picture of an old man in a round cap: Description of drawing

     John Rashleighe lived yeares threescore three,

          And then did yeild to dye,

     He did bequeath his sowle to god,

          His corps herein to lye.

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     The Devonshire howse, the Rashleighes hight,

          Well shewes from whence he came:

     His virtuous life in foye towne

          Deserveth endlesse fame.

Lanion he did take to wife, by her he had chirldren store.

Another in memory of John R. Esq. 1631.

This following is a coppy of a noate found in the quarters off the Commissary Generall of Essex his army in Cornwall: viz.

Anno 1644. The number of Officers and Troopes mustered at Tiverton and other places.

1Sir Philip Stapleton13100Captain Pymm1180
Major-Gen. Skippon1174Captain Lukeman948
Major Hamelton1172267
Leiut.-Col. Graves12 98
Captain Draper1196Colonel Sheffield1184
Captain Copley968Captain Sheffield1073
Captain Chute1176Captain Hayle1070
Captain Abercromy855Captain Robotham963
639Captain Wogoone1053
2Sir William Balfour14100414
Major Balfour977
Sir Sam Luke1072Sir Robert Pye1182
Captain Rainsborow957Captain Scrope1180
Captain Semple1061Captain Pyle1046
Captain Boswell1065208
432Colonel Harvey1997
Colonel Baheer1474Major Manering1175
Major Bosa1077Captain Hacket1156
Captain Buller1080Captain Blackwel1044
Captain Flemyng968Captain Norwood1165
Captain Carmighill1172Captain Washburne 1052
Colonel Dalbeer1267Captain Abercromy,
Captain Salkeild11729 Officers, Dragoons 65

Toto of both sides: Troopes 39, Officers 420, Troopers 2785, toto 3205.

                           Edward Dodsworth, Commissary-General.

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                                           (a) Cornish Language.

English       Cornish       English          Cornish                    
A howsechyA foottroosNumbers
A treeguetheineAn eyelagesse1 onein12 doathac
A mandeneA nosefrigo2 deu13 carthat
A childfloA pigcal3 padger14 pedgwarther
A hogragamo   -gous5 pemp16 whetstarck
A horsemarhAn armebreach6 whe17 sitack
A marecasickA mouthganno7 sith18 ithac
A dogkieA boymao8 ath19 nounjack
A saddledeeberA girlmose9 naw20 ygaus
A bridlefrodinA sword clitha10 deag21 kaub.
A handdorneA scabbardgooz11 idnac
A leggarA townetre

English                     Cornish                                
God save youDeu ragges blessye.
I thanke you.Gad marshe.
God be with you.Bed me tew thew.
I wish you well.Dieu new grace thew gilda.

This language is spoken altogeather at Goon-hilly [?Gunwallo] and about Pendennis, and at Land's-end they speake no English.

All beyond Truro they speake the Cornish language.

                      PELYNT, vulgo Plynt Church, com. Cornub.

Against the north wall a monument of black stone, handsome for a country monument: Description of drawing

a. Between the preceeding list of officers, &c. and this vocabulary, a leaf appears to have been torn out before the volume was acquired by the Museum. An extensive vocabulary of the Cornish language is given by Borlase.

                    Edward Trelawnye, June 7, 1630.


          Wee wander, aler, dye.

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          Oh what a vapour, bubble, puffe of breath,

          A neast of wormes, a lumpe of pallid earth,

          Is mudwald man: before we mount on high

          Wee cope with change, wee wander, alter, dye.

     Causidicum claudit tumulus (miraris) honestum,

          Gentibus hoc cunctis dexeris esse novum.

          Here lyes an honest lawyer, wott you what,

          A thing for all ye world to wonder at.

Another far larger on the north wall, but more clownish, many impalings and quarterings. Description of drawing

Abundance more of assumed matches, false. (a)

     Francis Buller, of Tregarick, within this parish 1611.

A late family.

Another monument in the south yle, a statue of a man in armour: Description of drawing

A captain of foot in the country.

a. This assertion, so entirely destitute of proof, may be attributed to the prejudice of the writer against his opponents. Sir Richard Buller of Shillingham, the son of Mr. Francis Buller, was one of the members of the "rebel" Parliament. The Visitation of 1620 contains the family pedigree, from which it appears that, although the grandfather of Sir Richard became seated in Cornwall by his marriage with a coheiress of Trethurffe, he was, nevertheless, descended from a long line of ancestor (eight generations are given) in Somersetshire, and these "matches" so flippantly pronounced to be "false" are recorded in that pedigree.

page 76

In the south yle, belonging to Trelawny, a monument and picture of a child:

       To   the memory of El: daughter of John Vivian the younger, Esq. and
Ann his wife, daughter of Sir oyn Trelawny, Knight and Baronet,
ob. 13 Feb. 1640.

Description of drawing

In the north window, north yle, chancel, lyes an old statue in compleate armour, fashion of the Black Prince. Description of drawing

[The following verses occupy a page by themselves:]

                        Farewell fond Love, under whose childish whip
I have served out a weary prentiship,
thou that hast made me thy scourned property,
To dote on those that love not, and to fly
Love that woo'd me: goe bane of my content
And practise on some other patient.
Farewell fond Hope, that fann'd my warme desir
Till it had raysd it to unruly fire,
Which nor sighes could nor thoughts extinguish can,
Although mine eyes outflow'd an ocean.
Forth of my thoughts forever, thing of ayre,
Begun in errour, finisht in despaire:
Farewell fond world, upon showe restles stage,
Twixt Love and Hope, I have foold out an age;
Ere I will sue to thee for my redresse,
Ile woo the wynd and court the wildernes,
And buried from the dayes discovery
Studdy some slow but certayn way to dye:
My wofull monument shalbe a cell,
The mourning of the purling brooke my bell,
And for my epitaqph the rocks shall groane
Eternally; if any aske the stone
What wretched thing doth in that concave lye,
The hollow eccho shall reply, 'Tis I.

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A coppy of a commission for constituting a provost marshall. (a)

By the generall of his Majesties forces imployed against Plymouth. To Josias Hearle, of Liskard, in the county of Cornwall.

These are to certifie all whome it may concerne, that I doe hereby constitute and appoint you to be Provost Marshall Generall for the county of Cornwall, to take and safely keepe in your custody every such person or persons as you shall from time to time receave order for, from Captayne Symon Cottell, treasurer to the said army for the county of Cornwall, or any of his troope, and them not to release wihout speciall order form me, or the sayd Captayne Cottel: and for the doing therof this shalbe your sufficient warrant. Given under  my hand and seale this 25 day of July, 1644.

                                                                     Ry. Grenvile

a. This commision occurs in the original some pages back, but is inserted here in order not to interfere with the narrative. In one corner is a shield bearing three chevrons, the coat of Grenville, with an inescocheon.