Home
Sir Richard Molyneux
About the regiment
Join us
Events
Rag Bag
History
Links
Letters
Latest Additions
The Cavalier in Exile
Richard Symonds Diary
April 1644
July 1644
August 1644
September 1644
Wilmott's disgrace
October 1644
November 1644
June 1645
July 1645
August 1645
October 1645
Bibliography
Shop on-line
Guestbook
   
 

page 131

gerford; wherein stands a faire arched altar tombe of marble, the coate of Hungerford carved upon it; the inscription and brasse shield all stolne off. Description of drawing

Upon the top lyes the statue of a man in compleate armour, a fashion different from, more antient, like a lobstar: Description of drawing

The monument of the Lord Hungerford, beheaded in Qheen Maries time. (a)

In the middle of the same chappel an altar tombe, the inscription and brasse shield gone. These are painted on the walls: Description of drawing

Under this atcheivement the picture of an angel holding this: Description of drawing

These painted on the walls: Description of drawing

Over the door is painted the picture of a man in parliament robes; these two coated, on each side of him one: Description of drawing

a. An error. tobert Lord Hungerford ob. 1459.

b. The bishop who consecreated was William Ascough, or Askew. Inf. Rev. J.E. Jackson, of Leigh Delamere, whose Hungerford Collections are most extensive and valuable.

c. This and some of the preceding impalements with Hungerford are reversed.

page 132

Under him this writing:

Ye that understand the, &c.

   And ye that purpose in this chappel to pray, call to the minde the sowle of the noble Knight Robert Lord Hungerford, which lived righteously, &c. and was servant to our blessed lady Moder to Xt Jhu, and to the noble church, which ordered this chappel to be founded perpetually. On whose soule J. have mercy. Ob. 18 May, MCCCC.. [He died 1459].

These are also painted on the walls: Description of drawing

Divers other painting on this wall still remaining, which were covered with windscott till of late; as two pictures of two sons of his, Death pictured a talking with them and telling them they must dye, &c.

On the wall also is painted St. Cristofer and the lady Mother, very well done.

On the south side over against Hungerford's is Bishop Beauchamp's chappel.

These carved on the outside: Description of drawing

Over the doore this: Description of drawing

Under the first escocheon stands a monument of marbel, the brasse inscription and shield all gone.

Another like monument of marbel, these coated over it: Description of drawing

page 133

In the middle of the chappel stands an altar tombe of marble, the inscription and shield gone.

Another, arched marble, the statue of a knight of the garter in compleate armor, the garter  badge on his left sholder, upon a long robe. Sir John Cheney. [John, Lord Cheyney, ob. 1499.]

At the end of the quire without, a faire monument for Bishop John Blythe, Sarum episcopus, 1499.

On the north side of the crosse yle, above the quier, stands a playne white monument, but most curiously wrought.

Upon the north side this:  Description of drawing (a)

Upon the south side this:

The "first 6," impaling a coat of eight quarterings, very indistinct. (b) Description of drawing

a. See 2 C. 22, f. 364, coll. Arm. Pedigree of Gorges.

b. See Hoare's History of South Wiltshire, Cawden Hundred, p. 31, where are two folio engravings of this monument.

page 134

In the south side of the crosst yle above the quier stands a most stateley monument as lofty as the roofe. The best worke I ever yet saw: two statues lying along, two sons kneeling. Description of drawing (a)

a. Symonds's omissions may be found in the Description of Salisbury Cathedral, 4to. 1774, p. 70.

page 135

These matches upon two trees; the branches meete in Gray. Description of drawing

Another adjoyning, an effigies cutt out lying on a matt; skeleton for doctor Sydenham. these armes in the north window right against him: Description of drawing

Under these is written:

   Orate pro anima Magistri Georgii Sydenham, Eccl'iae Sarum Archdiacone, et Illustrissimi Henrici vii. et octavi Capellani. (b)

In another north window next, old: Description of drawing

In the north chappel a monument of marble, shield gone, the name not knowne.

South side, a chappel where Bishop Giles is buried. (c) In the south yle adjoyning to the quier wall, a monument for bishop Capon.

a. There was no bishop of the name of Young.

b. He died 1523. His monument does not exist, nor is it given in the work before mentioned, published in 1774.

c. Giles de Bridport, ob. 1262.

page 136

Another for Bishop Beuchamp, say they, who finished the church These coates north side:

Our lady and the babe, armes of SEE OF SALISBURY.”

Honor Deo et gloria.

Barry indented, “cutt in.”

Quarterly, FRANCE AND ENGLAND,

EDWARD THE CONFESSOR.

A faire monument, onely thus inscribed, for Sir Richard Mompesson, Knight, and Dame Katherine his wife, on the wall of the quier south yle.

Argent., a lion rampant sable [MOMPESSON], impaling (blank). “Many quarterings.”

North side within the quier a faire monument for Bishop Awdley, like a chappel.

SEE OF SALISBURY, impaling, Gules, fretty, or a fret, or [AUDLEY].

Divers shields alluding to the Passion.

On a shield, the “seameless coat.”

Upon the south pillar next the altar hanges the atcheivements of Herbert earle of Pembrooke, father to this man, buried in this quier; for the family are not buried at Wilton, where they live, but here.

Upon the south pillar next the lower steps of the altar hang the atchements, sword, and golden gauntlets of William earle of Pembroke, brother to Philip now living; buried here. None of’ them buried at Wilton, where this man (a) hath a faire seate.

In the middle of the quier lyes a very large flat stone, the picture of a castle very large, and a Bishop in the middle, the picture ot a soldier at bottome. Round about this inscription, inlayed in brasse. This shield four times:

Quarterly, a cross between four mullets pierced [WYVILL].

Hic jacet bone memorie Robertus Wyvill hujus eccl’e Salisburien’ Ep’us qui eccl’am istam quadraginta quinque annis et ampi us pacifice et laudabilit’ rexit, disp’sa ejusdem ecel’ie prudenter congregavit, et congre

a.      This expression, twice used, maybe thus explained. He had sided with the Parliament!

b.     Engraved in Gough’s Sepulchral Monuments and in Carter’s Ancient Sculpture and Painting.

 
Page 137

 
gata at pastor vigilans conservavit. Int’ enim alia benificia sua innumera Castrum d’ce eccl’ie de Schireborn per ducentos annos et amplius manu militari violenter occupatum eid’m eccl’ie ut pugil intrepidus recup’avit ac ip’I eccl’ie chaceam suam de la Bere restitui p’euravit. Qhi qhinto die Septembr’ a dn’I Mille’mo ccc. Ixxv et an ‘ o conseer’ sue 46 sicut Altissimo placuit in de’o Castro debitum reddidit humane nature. Cujus an’e p’piciet’ Ille in quo sp’avit et credidit, euneta potens.

 Another adjoining, for bishop Juel, 1571. His picture and these coates, and dovers Latine versed=s in one small piece of brasse:

 Description of Drawing

 Upon another flat stone: Description of Drawing

 Edmundus Geste Episcopus Sarum.

The See of Salisbury Description of Drawing

 The picture of Goliah with a shield on his left arme. David with a sling by him.

 Description of Drawing

 The cloister is on the south side of’ the Cathedrall, and within that goes a doore into the chapter-howse, just as at Worcester,

—round.

These coates are very old and large, in one of’ the chapter-howse

Windowes:

 Description of Drawing

 Betweene the pillars of the north side of the body of the Cathe-

 Page 138

drall is a place that is rayld in with yron barrs and thire Woodworke on the top; these following coates are painted in the worke.

 Description of Drawing

 South side these, on the outside:

 Description of Drawing

 North side without:

 Description of Drawing

 Page 139

 Description of Drawing

 Stourton.

 Description of Drawing

 These on the north side withinside:

 Description of Drawing

 These on the south side within:

 Description of Drawing

page 140


 Called Hungerford’s chapel. (a)

 Below the aforemencioned grates stands an altar tombe between the north pillars, shield and brasse all gone.

 Not many flat stones now in all this cathedral. Some of Bishops [in the] Lady Chappell, but all the brasse gone.

 
The windowes in the body of the church are new glased at bottome, north side. Written thus in most of the windowes:


          Joh’is Jewell Ep’i. 1569.

 
South crosse yle, a monument for Robert, brother to  James Earle of Carlisle, 1620.

 Qui optimo Regi Jacobo Cubicularius intimus Domini gratia, &c. ad tubae sonitum illinc resurget.

 Description of Drawing

 Sir Thomas Sadler’s wife’s monument, south wall, south side of the body of the cathedrall.

 Description of Drawing

 A small monument south crosse yle for Sir [enry] Sandys his son:

 Description of Drawing

 In this faire cathedrall be as many chappels as moneths, doores as weekes, windowes as dayes, marble pillars as howres in the yeare.

 a. In some cases the above coats  differ from those recorded by Gough in the Sepulchral Monuments.

page 141

Friday 18 October, 1644. His Majestie, &c. left Sarum and marched toward Andevor, Waller's forces being then in Andevor. Generall Goring Raysed a forlorne of horse, consisting of about 200 gentlemen that were spare commanders of horse, beate them out of Andevor, took Carr a Scot colonel, and another captain, a Scott, that died, who a little before his death rose from under the table, saying he would not dye like a dog under a table, but sate downe upon a chayre, and ymediatly dyed of his wounds. Tooke about 80 prisoners, followed the chase of them two miles, who all ran in great confusion. Had not night come so soone, it might have made an end of Waller's army, for our intention was to engage them, but they disapointed our hopes by their heeles.

This night the King lay at the White hart in Andevor; the whole army in the feild.

Satterday, as soone as light, the army marched after the enemy.

The King lay at Whitchurch at Mr. Brookes his howse that night.

    Long Parish Church. Long-parish from its length.

In the middle yle a broad flat stone inlayd with brasse, and this shield with mantle, helme, and creast:

Description of Drawing

These Burleyes lived at the manor, and armed it of the Lord Delaware, who lived at Horwell in this county of Hampshire.

Mr. Robert Wallop lives at Husborne Prior, a faire old howse and large parke with many ewe trees. Sir Henry Wallop, father to Robert, bought it of Sir Robert Oxenbridge.

Regiment of horse guards lay at Long-parish Satterday night.

Sunday the whole army was marching, but they received orders to returne to their quarters.

page 142

Newes that 500 Scots were killed by the Irish in Scotland. The Scots sent five regiments from the seige of Newcastle. Crowland taken for the King. A party of the King's horse went and releived Donyngton Castle, neare Newbury.

The reason of the King's stay was for Generall Ruthin, who was behind, as also Earle of Cleveland, who was coming from the releife of Portland Castle, and a very wett forenoone.

                          Whit-Church Church.

Against the north wall chancel, a faire monument, the statue of a man in a barr-gowne, and a woman:

Description of Drawing

Munday 21 October. His Majestie, &c. left Whitchurch, the generall rendesvouz upon the Downe neare Kingsmill's howse [at Sidmonton].

His Majestie lay at King's-Cleere, 7 myle from Basing; the troope at Newtowne; the head quarters of the horse at Newbery. This day the enemy, vizt Essex, Manchester, Waller, were with all their forces, and made assault upon Basing. On Tuesday the generall rendesvouz was upon Red-heath, neare Newbery. His Majestie knighted Sir John Boys upon the hill, the Governor of Dennyngton Castle, that was so much battered, and so often sett upon by all their forces at seveall times.

Sir John Boys is Leiftenant-Colonel to the Earle Rivers, who is the cheife governor.

The King lay at Mr. Duns [The Iter Carolinum says Dunce, but? Dunch] his howse in Newbery; the troope at Welford, the manor

page 143

belonging to Mr. Hinton jure uxoris; a faire habitaion, com. Berks.

Dennington or Demyston Castle, com. Berks., was the habitacion of Mr. Packer, (a) who bought it of Mr. Chamberlayne, (b) and antiently the seate of Geoffry Chaucer the poet. It was fairely adorned with tall trees, lately cut downe.

Wednesday 23 of October. This day was two yeare was Keynton fight. The armyes did not march this day.

These quarterings are often in the windowes of Dennyngton Castle: Description of Drawing

During the often assaults and batteries of this castle, the governor lost but one man within the walls, and three that made a sallye, but killd many of the rebells. These also in the same windowes: Description of Drawing

The men within the castle were the Earle of Rives his regiment, about 200, and 25 horse, 4 peice of cannon. The enemy made a great open battery with their hundreds of 36 pounds bullets, toto a 500 and odd bullets; most of them 36lb. some 6, some 12.

Thursday October 24. The horse army marched most part of Tuesday night, and met at the rendesvouz between Newbery and Dennyngton Castle, and about 10 of the clock all returned, both horse and foot, to their quarters. The reason was 'cause the enemy

a. He was son of one of the clerks of the Privy Seal. See Vis. Berks C. 12, Coll. Arm.

b. John Chamberlayne, married to Anne, daughter of ....Bushell, of Netherhaven, co. Wilts, was of Donnington Castle, 1623. Vide C. 18, Coll. Arm. f. 114.

page 144

had drawne into a body neare the head quarter, but retreated.The enemy moved their body toward Reading on Tuesday.

Dennington Castle hath three hundreds, out of which he [sc. the governor] weekely receives contribucion, viz. Kimbry [Kintbury] Eagle 20 parishes, Faire Crosse 14 parishes, and Compton hundreds 8 parishes; besides Newbery is in too. These found him beds, and weekely payment for the building the workes, which cost about 1000l. Faire Crosse hundred paid about 60l. a weeke.

                          Kingbury [Kintbury] Church, com. Berks.

In a small window, north side of the church, these four, very old, with this fashioned border [a quatrefoiled lozenge] about each: Description of Drawing

North yle church hangs this helme and creast belonging to Sir John Darel's father, who lived at Denford, now the howse of Mr. Alexander Browne, in this parish, buried about 60 yeares since. Description of Drawing

Upon a flat stone, chancel, the pictures of a man and woman in brasse, these: Description of Drawing

He lived where Sir John Darle now lives.

Sir John Darel's estate 300l. per annum.

Friday 25. The rebells' whole army appeared upon the hills on the east side of Newbery, the place where the last yeares fight was. (a)

The King's army was drawne out upon the bottome between

a. Query if not more south-east, viz. on Greenham Common, where, as well as on the Wash Common, the battle took place.

page 145

Newbury and Denington Castle. Noe action all this day. Toward night both sides fired upon one another from the hedges on their side of the river. Wee at night retired to the passe and kept it all night; by that meanes there was shooting all night.

Satterday. They appeared more playne upon the hill and drew out some foot. Cannon on both sides played very much. They lay quiet all night, but

Sunday. as soon as day they put over a tertia of foot over a bridge they made in the night, intending to surprize one of our guards. But that guard retreated to the next; and joyned, fell upon them, being nothing considerable in number, made their two bodyes retreat, killed some, tooke about 40 prisoners and a 100 armes: then they lay quiet till 3 afternoone, onely our canon and theirs playd.

About 3 they approached with their mayne bodyes of foot and horse on the top of the hill towards Welford, from Newbury, where wee had a worke with 4 peice of cannon and 400 foot. Gave hott fires, and, notwithstanding our cannon swept off many, they came on and tooke the worke [on] the hill, and some more of our cannon. This heate of fireing continued till 9 of the clock therabouts. At the same instant they made as hott an aproach on the other side upon Mr. Dolman's howse, which Colonel Lisle kept with a 1000 musqueteeres, but were beate off, with the losse of their cannon and ground, and (blank) prisoners.

About the same time, 4 of the clock, their bodyes of horse approached towards our field at the bottome of the hill neare the church called [Shaw], and one body came into our feild, [and] charged Sir John Campsfeld's regiment, which stood them most gallantly. The King's regiment being neare, drove at them, which made them wheele off in confusion, and followed them in the chase, made all their bodyes of horse run in confusion, killed many, besides musqueteers that had lyned the hedges and playd upon us in the chase till wee cutt their throats. Before these horse came up to us, while our regiment stood on the brinke of the hill, their musqueteers killed Mr Jones, of the King's troope.

page 146

Sir John, now Colonel Campsfeild, Queen's regiment of horse, raysed in Lancashire. Leift.-Colonel Crofts. Major Sir John Campsfeild, now Colonel, knighted for Oney [Olney] buisnes, com. Northton., at [illegible] neare Newport Pannell.


1.Captain Jerves Clefton, (Lanc.) brought 60 men.
2. Captain George Markham, de com. Nott., raysed 70 men.
3.Captain Sherbo Franc, Qheen's page, which was Captain Sir John Smyth's troope.
4. Captain Gotie Franc, 60 men

Raysed when the Queene landed at Burlington Bay. Toto 500. Crogts was Leift.-Colonel, Lord Jermin was Colonel, and Campsfeild Major.


Three of the Queenes troope and one of Sir Thomas Wilford's. The Earle of Cleveland before our charge was taken prisoner, and most of his officers hurt and killed, his men beaten, being overpowered with horse and foot.

This night, after day spent an howre, his Majestie sent for his regiment and guard and went off the feild to Dennington Castle, stayd there halfe an howre, and saw the infinite shooting of musquets on both sides in all places. not confident of the good success, marched with his regiment all that night towards Bath, and reacht it by 4 afternoone next day, made it 50 myles sans rest: being earnestly persuaded by the Generals to doe soe, notwithstanding his resolution he openly expressed to the Lords that he would charge with his troope and dye with their lordships in the feild.

He was accompanied this sad night with Prince Charles, Duke of Richmond, Earls of Lindsey [and] Berkshire, Lord Capel, Earle of Newport, &c.

Tuesday, Generall Ruthyn, after he had safely brought off the army and sent them towards Wallingfod, came to the King to Bath, but his lady was taken by the way.

Wednesday, 30 October, his Majestie, with Prince Rupert's horse, being about 3 or 400, 600 foot he had about Bath, and his owne

page 147

regiment, marched from Bath that night to Sherston, and lay there, com. Wiltes.

Thursday to Cirencester to Oxford that night, 32 myles. By the way, the King mett a messenger from Geneall Gerard, that his forces consisting of above 3,000 were at hand. At this time our army was quartered at Woodstock, Witney, Burford, &c. The enemyes foot were besieging of Dennington Castle.

Saterday, 2d Novembris, the army lay still-till Tuesday.

Killed in the fight at Newbery on the King's side were Colonel Sir William Sellinger (St. Leger), Leift,-Colonel Leake, Capain Tophand of horse.

His Majesty, when he came to Oxford, knighted Colonel Gage for his good service of releiving Banbury and Basing, and Sir Peter Browne of his owne troop.

Munday night, in the presence at Chistchurch, he knighted Leift.-Colonel Anthony Greene, Deputy Governor of Banbury Castle, and Captaine Charles Waldron (Walford), both for their service in keeping that castle so long bravely against the rebells.

Tuesday, 5th Novembr. Bp. Arm. pr. ante R. at Chistch. [i.e. Dr. Usher, bishop of Armagh, preached before the King at Christchurch].

Wednesday, a generall rendesvouz of all the king's armyes upon Shottover Greene.

This rendesvouz consisted of his Majesties owne army, Prince Maurice, Prince Rupert's, Generall Gerard's, and Colonel Sir [Henry] Gage, who commanded the Queenes regiment of foot out of Oxford, and Colonel Hawkins his regiment. Toto 15,000 horse and foot.

At his Majesties being at Oxford this time, Prince Rupert was made Leift.-Generall Ruthyn, Earl of Bainford (Brentford], was made Lord Chamberlayne to Prince Charles, Sir William Bronkard [Brounker] Vice-Chamberlayne.

page 148

His Majestie returned to Oxford on Wednesday night; the army marched on towards Wallingford. This night Lord Brainford lost most of his ledd-horses; taken by the enemy.

Thursday [Nov. 7] his Majestie marched out of Oxford and oretooke the army: all went that night to Wallingford, sans quarters.

Satterday, before day, his Majestie marched and gott to Dennington Castle about one of the clock.

The enemy betimes in the morning drew off theire men betweene us and the Castle. About two of the clock all the King's army was drawne downe by the Castle over the river and pitcht in Batalia in the playne on the last ground wee had before, a body of horse and a body of foot rangd togeather. About 4 the enemy drew of Newbery two bodyes of horse and lyned a hedge with musqueteers, played upon our horse with their cannon as they marched up to them. And because the Queen's regiment of horse was drawne within danger of some musqueteers which they drew down below Mr. [Dolman's] howse, which Colonel Lisle last kept for us, and a body of the enemyes horse drew boldly out, the Prince Rupert commanded the Queen's regiment of horse and Prince Maurice his regiment of horse to charge them, who no sooner drew up to them but the rebells wheeled off behind their owne cannon and musqueteers, which galld that body of ours. Captain FitzMaurice killed of the Prince's regiment, and divers more killed and hurt. Their cannon playd on both sides and their musquets: little hurt on our side. A musquet bullet in volley shott the King's horse in the foot as he stood before his owne regiment in his armes.

It growing night, the whole army marched off in full bodies, drums beating and colors flying, trumpets pratling their marches, all in the face of the enemy, who followed not but with some piquering rogues. Our army drew up to the castle hill, and lay in the feild all night; the King lay in the castle.

Sunday morning, the King toke (blank) peices of his cannon which

page 149

he left the last time in the castle. The wheeles of the cariages were then throwne downe without the pallizadoes. (a) Releived this castle, and marched off with his whole army to Lamborne, com. [Berks], that night, 8 myles. Some of the enemy followed the reare, but Prince Rupert sett some horse in a barne and they fell behind them, the others chargd before them, killed 15, and tooke more.

King's troope quartered at Wanborough, 6 myles from Lamborne.

               Wanborough Church, com. Wiltes

East window chancel these two and this inscription, old: Description of Drawing

This in the crosse north yle, old: Description of Drawing

These two in the middle south window of the church, old: Description of Drawing

North window of the church, this old, small: Description of Drawing

This is in a peice of brasse in the wall of the steeple: Description of Drawing

a. At the side of a former page is this memorandum: "The cannon was throwne downe under Dennington castle, and the horses lost."

page 150

Upon a flat stone, south yle of the church, the two semy pictures of a man and woman, and these verses sans shields: verses in latin follows

Neare unto oxenbridge, in this parish, is the mote and some foundation of an ancient seate belonging to the Lord Lovel. There close by stood the church called St. Margaret's: this church which now is called St. Andrewes, the chancel was a chappell and a steeple. The body is added since. So there are two steeples.

A playne monument of white stone. Divers verses in English. Description of Drawing

Anthony Hinton, Esq. ob. 7 May, 1598, etat. 66.

was grandfather to Mr. H. Privy Ch. to King Charles; lived in this towne.

Sir Humfrey Forster is now lord of this manor, who bought it of Sir John Darell, of Kingbury [Kintbury] by Hungerford, in whose name it was ever since Richard III.'s time, that Lovel ought it. 300l per annum

                               ____________________________________

Colonel Sir Edmund Fortescue of com. Devon, neare Dartmouth, march in Sir Edward Caryes tertia of foot, Prince Maurice's army. Leift. Colonel John Valent. Bluett, com. Cornub. was first Major. So-

a. the site of Hall Place, now the property of F.A. Carrington, Esq. may be identified by Ambrose field, where there is a tradition of a chapel attached to the mansion, said to have been dedicated to St. Ambrose.

page 151

mister was. Major, (blank) Gawen, com. Wiltes. 1 Captain William Hooper; 2 Captain, Nicholas Reynolds, Captain Leiftenant. Raysed in Devon by Sir Edmund Fortescue; at first 800, now 80. November 9.

Munday 11th of November. The whole army rested, most part of it being in a rich countrey, the vale of White-horse, a deepe black soyle.

Tuesday, though a miserable wett windy day, the army moved over the playnes to Marlingsborough, where the King lay at the Lord Seymour's howse; the troopes to Fyfield, two myles distant, a place so full of a grey pibble stone of great bignes as is not usually seene; they breake them and build their howses of them and walls, laying mosse  betweene, the inhabaitants calling them Saracens' stones, and in this parish, a myle and halfe in length, they lye so thick as you may goe upon them all the way. They call that place the Grey-weathers, because a far off they looke like a flock of sheepe.

        The difference of stones and quarries of stones in the West of England

Dorsetshire stone is a white chalke, and quarries of the same; their churches are built of it, with low broad steeples generally; and divide the lands with it.

Somersetshire, about Martock, &c. a brave hard free stone of an umber colour; thereabouts and geneally over all the countrey, the fairest churches in the West. About the northern parts a whiter free stone, very plenteous; all or most of the closes encompassed with them as a wall.

Devonshire. The stones about Exeter are red, like the soyle; the churches in Exeter are built of it. The ordinary howses there are of the soyle mingled with straw, without posts. Such stone and soyle as about Worcester.

Cornwall. At Launceston, and so geneally all over, a blew slate; and the doores, postes, and corneres of a hard shining stone, course, the grayne not much unlike grey marble. About Liskerd quarries, the blew slate, very large.

page 152

Fyfield Church. Nul.

Overton Church, a myle farther west of Fyfield. Nul. Earle of Pembroke is lord of it.

In a howse in Fifield these coates, sett up in henry VIII.'s time: Description of Drawing

Dymer sett them up and lived in this howse.

Friday, 15 November, two Welchmen of 140 were hangd at Marlingsborough for running away.

Satterday a commanded party of horse and foot marched towards (blank)

Friday, Prince Rupert, because the King would not give him command over the guards, did give the King his command, and asked leave to leave the kingdom. The King consented; he required a passe, and the King denyed, because he would be not seene to consent to his going. It was all quiett that day, but his highnes yeilded to the King's resolucion.

Thursday before Lord Wentworth gave up his commission of Major-Generall of the horse.

Newes that the Scotts were beaten by the Irish in Scotland.

Sunday, 17th Novembris, left Marlingsborough, and that night the King lay at Hungerford, com. Berks, seven myles, five myles short of Newbery, where the head-quarters of the enemy was. The King's troope at Chilton, a myle from Hungerford. Mr. Packer, who owes Denyngton, and was Secretary to the Duke of Buckingham, owes a pretty faire howse. A little on the left hand this dayes march, wee left Ramsbury, the faire seate of the Earle of Pembrooke. Wee marched thorough a forest belonging to the Marques of Hertford.

                   Chilton Foliott Church.

Upon the ground in the chancel lyes the statue of a knight in mayle armour, neck, armes, and legs, the body covered with a loose

page 153

coate. Upon his left arme a shield, his right hand drawing his sword, and his right leg over the let; under his head a pillow, at his feet a lyon. Description of Drawing

The traditionary relation of the inhabitants call him Foliott, called Chilton Foliott from him ante Conq. Sir Henry Foliot. (a)

The body of the church newly built, no shield or any other monuments. Popham owes the manor of Chilton.

Popham, descended of Judge Popham, owes a faire large seate, halfe a myle distant from this, the manor of Littlecott, with a parke.

                               Ramsbury Church

In the chancel lyes a flat stone, in the midst the demy picture of a preist, two shields, and the inscription is cicumscribed in old French letters; darke at night, could not reade them. (b)

Another adjoining, the picture of a man in armour inlayed in brasse, two shields and the inscription cicumscribed, but all the brasse is stolne.

Another, arched, of marble, and altar tombe with pictures, shields, and inscription, which were in the side inlayed, but all the brasse gone.

No shields in the windowes.

The manor is the Earle of Pembrokes's, a faire square stone howse, a brave seate, though not comparable to Wilton, and a fine parke, two myles from Chilton, com. Wiltes.

Munday the army mett at a rendesvouz, and returned to their old quarters. The enemy on Munday left Newbery, and marched neare Basing.

Tuesday, 19 November, the army marched His Majestie lay at Great Shefford in the old manor howse of Mr. Browne, Esq. com.

a. Probably Sir Sampson Foliot, living temp. H.3 and Edw. L; see Hundred Rolls, vol. i. p. 13, &c.

b. Symonds, from the same reason no doubt, failed to notice the chapel, now known as the Darell aisle, containing vestiges of very interesting brasses of that family, though then perhaps, like the rest, "gone."

page 154

Berks; a parke belonging to it. This day in the march a soldjer hangd for plunder, but the rope broke.

Lord B. and troope at Little Fawley, the neate and faire habitacion of the Lady Moore, wife to Sir Henry. (a) This day Colonel Gage was sent towards Basing to releive it, with 1,000 horse.

Colonel Lunsford we heard went out of Oxford with 500 horse, and drew towards Middlesex, to fetch in, &c.

Painted over the porch at Lady Moore's howse: Description of Drawing

Champion all this part of Berks.

He that built this howse was Serjeant Moore, temp. D. Egerton Canc.: Sir Henry was his son, Nothing but Moore's coate in the church of Fawley.

Wednesday the King marched to Wantage, 5 myles.

Thursday to Faringdon: the King lay at Sir Robert Pye's howse neare the chuch. The troope lay Wednesday night at Kingston Lisle, 4 myles from Wantage. Hyde is lord of it, a faire howse.

Ego absens.

                       Faringdon Church, com. Berks.

West window church: Description of Drawing

Middle yle of the church, upon a brasse, and the picture of a man and woman: Description of Drawing

Two stones for Vicars, chancel. [Ashmole gives one only, viz. Richard Lenton].

East window, north yle, chancel: Description of Drawing

page 155

A flat stone in the said chappel: Description of Drawing

Their pictures and escocheon cutt upon the stone, embossing, a blew stone.

The north chappel, north side of the church, is adorned with four monuments:

1. An altar tombe adjoyneing to the wall; the south side hath these shields following, coloured and carved.

Upon the top lyes the statues of a man and woman, she on the right side, he in compleate armour, the fashion of the Lord Hungerford in Sarisbury Cathedral. Upon his breast his quarterings are carved; under his head lyes this creast upon a helme: Description of Drawing

Round about the verge of this all alablaster monument this inscription cutt in old text; the letters embosse out:

     Here lyeth Sir Thomas Unton, Knight, and Dame Elizabeth his wife, the wych Sir Thomas departed the iiij day of August, in the yeare of our Lord God MCCCCCXXXIII.: whose sowles God pardon. Amen. Nolite plangere mortem meam quia solum copus obijt.

These 8 shields adorn the sides of this faire monument, guilt and coloued. West end these two: Description of Drawing

These four south side: Description of Drawing

These two, east end: Description of Drawing