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page 156

Description of Drawing

Against the same north wall stands an altar arched monument of blew marble; the side is inlayed with brasse, and fairely painted, the picture of a knight, and seven sons behind him between two women, and four escocheons; the inscription in text:

   Here under lyeth Sir Alexander Union, Knight, Mary (a) and Lady Cecyll his wifes, whiche Alex. decessed the xvj day of Decemb. Anno M.vth xlvij in the first yeare of our soveraigne Lord King Edward the VI. On whose soules and all christene [soules] I.H.m.a.

The Kneeling figure of a man in plate armour, the hands raised in the attitude of prayer. The sleeves and body of his surcout, are embroidered, quarterly, Unton and Fetyplace, the latter charged with a martlet in chief, and an ermine spot upon the upper chevron.

The kneeling figures of two ladies, each wearing a long mantle embroidered with arms, viz. upon the right side of each, quarterly, Unton and Fetyplace, and upon the left, by the first lady, quarterly, Bourchier and Louvaine; by the other, quarterly; 1 and 4, Sable, and stag's head caboshed argent, attired of, between the horns a cross patty-fitchy of the third, through the nostrils an arrow [Bulstrode]; 2, Quarterly, i. Paly of six argent and azure, on a chief sable two knives in saltire argent [Knyfts]' ii. and iii. Ermine, a horse's barnacle gules [Wyott]; iv. Argent, five cinquefoils gules, on a canton sable an etoile within a crescent argent [Palton or Freisell]; 3, Argent, a chevron gules between three squirrels sable [Chobington].
"3 daughters behind this woman" [viz. the second; but she had issue a son also]

Over this monument hangs this fashioned sheild [Tudor shield], an old helme, and a demy dog for a creast: Description of drawing.

These two coates behind the woman on the left hand: Description of drawing.

a. She was the daughter and coheir of John Lord Berners.

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These two behind the other woman: Description of drawing

Upon the east wall of this chappel stands a faire and neate nonument, the statues cutt in alablaster: Description of drawing

These sheilds upon this monument; over his head these: Description of drawing

Over her head these: Description of drawing

a. There is some descrepancy between these arms as given by Symonds and those drawn by Ashole, C. 12, f. 114. Coll. Arm. See also the Unton Inventories, edited by Mr. John Gough Nichols, 1841, 4to.

b. Sir Edward Unton's will was proved 1582

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Upon the west wall of the same chappel a very large and faire monument, two statues: Description of drawing

This is painted on a frame: Description of drawing

In all his coates besides this frame the fesse is engrayled.

Over this tombe hangs a sheild, mantle, helme, and creast.

A flat stone in this yle inlayed with brasse, the picture of a man in armor and two women, This in brasse in text (four shields, all gone): Description of drawing

a. The present stone (Vide Ashmole's Berks) is not the same, but restored in 1658; "the former," he says, "was pulled down in the Civill Wars about 1643." But it was in 1646 that the church received material injury, during the siege of the adjoining manor-house.

page 159

In the south crosse yle two flat stones inlayed in brasse fo the Parkers, covered most of them with seates:

              Jo. Parker mercator ville Calis. ob. 1480;

and his wyfe under another stone.

Sire Robert Pye lived in the manor howse called the Place, neare the church, a faire habitacion.

                        Clanfeild Church, com. Oxon.

An altar tombe covered with marble, a brasse inlayed, sans shield, north yle chancel:

       Here lyeth buried Leonard Wilmot, Gent. who dyed at his howse in Clanfeild, 25 June, 1608, aetat. 59

A flat stone adjoyning

Here lyeth the body of James Hyde, Gent., ob. 24 March, 1610

In the chancel a flat stone:

       John Rogers of Clanfeild, ob. 20 May, 1635.

Friday his Majestie rested at Faringdon.

Satterday, Novembris 23. His Majestie left the army in their severall quarters about Faringdon, and with his regiment of horse went that day to Oxon. Prince Rupert with a commanded party of the King's troope, and as many out of each of the other two, and a party commanded by Sir Marmaduke Langdale, gave a strong alarme to Abingdon, then under the government of Browne the alarme to Abingdon, then under the government of Browne the ffaggot-monger. Skirmishing on both sides; little hurt. They came out in four bodyes, neare 200 horse.


When the King's army was in Cornwall, the infantry was divided into three tertias, and every tertia should consist of three brigades, and thus they continued the march backe againe.

First tertia was commanded by Colonel Blague, governor of Wallingford Castle; his regiment was there at Wallingford.

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        King's Life Guard.
Lord Generall Ruthin's.
Sir Jacob Astley, Major Generall.
Colonel Sir Henry Bard.
Duke of Yorkes.
Sir James Penniman's. Eldest Regiment of the army.
Lord Percies.
Sir Lewis Dives.

Second tertia was commanded by Colonel George Lisle.


        Colonel Cha. Lloyd, Quartermaster Generall and Enginere Generall. (Ebor.)
Colonel George Lisle's, which was Colonel Bolles.
Colonel Thelwel's, Wales.
            Owen, raysd in Wales.
            Ewre, bulg. Euers.
            Blackwall, Nott.
            Gilby, raysd Ebor.
            Stradling, Wales.
            Vaughan's, Wales.

Third tertia commanded by Sir Bernard Asteley, son to Sir Jacob.


Lord Hopton's Regiment.
Courtney, &c.

                                                      (Sir Ja. Penniman told me.)

Prince Maurice his army marched by it selfe.

Colonel Sir james Penniman's regiment of ffoot, whiche was his cousin's
Sir William P., first Lt.-Colonel to Sir William (sic).

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George Symons, Leift.-Colonel now, was Major at first. Ebor.

Major Will. Wyvell, Ebor.

1  Captain, Richard Page, now Leift.-Colonel, Nov. 1644

2  Captain, Fr. Lawson, Lincoln.

3  Captain, William Bridges, a scrivener in Chancery Lane, knighted at Leicester.

4  Captain, Fr. Bateson, Ebor.

5  Captain, Jo. Jackson, Ebor.

6  Captain, Anthony Norton, Ebor.

7  Captain, George Etherington, Ebor

8  Captain, robert Carington, Ebor.

All raysd in Yorkshire: and came with the King from Yorke.

          (Told me by Sir Ja. himselfe, 29 November, 1644.)

Sunday, 8 December, 1644, Sir Charles Lloyd, Quartermaster-generall of the King's army, was knighted at Christchurch.

Tuesday, 17 December, night, at Christchurch, the King knighted Sir William Rollock, Scotus, for bringing the newes of the [Lord] Montros his victory over the Scotts in Scotland; was Leift.-Colonel to the Lord Mountros, and a minister that had received orders and officiated.

Kinghts Batchelors made by King Charles since October 1644.

*Sir John Boys, governor of Denington Castle, knighted upon Redd heath, neare Newbery, 22 October, 1644.

Sir Henry Gage, 1 or 2 of November, at oxford.

Sir Peter Growne, of com. Oxon. knighted then.

*Sir Anthony Greene* and Captain Sir Charles Waldron, both knighted in the Privy Chamber, Oxon. 3 November.

Sir Charles Lloyd, Quartermaster-generall, knighted December 8, at Christchurch, Oxon. [Governor of Devises.]

*Sir William Rollock, (Scotus, and in orders,) 17 December, 1644, knighted for bringing the newes of the Scotts.

a. A coat of "Greene" is here sketched: viz. @Argent, on a chevon sable between three acorns slipped proper, a "granado" or.

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* Sir Lewis Lewkner, Colonel.

* Sir James Croft, the pentioner.

  Sir Henry Chichley, knighted 24 or 25 january, second brother to Mr. Thomas Chichley of [Wimpole], in com. Cantabr.

  Sir George Bonkley [Bunckly], Leift.-Goernour of Oxford, knighted in Christ Church, Oxon. Thursday, 30 January, 1644.

  Sir Stephen Hawkins, whome the Earle of Dover procured to be made Leift.-Colonel of the garrison of Oxford, in roome of Sir George Bonkley, and gott knighted 31 January, 1644.

  Sir Edward Walker, Garter Principal King of Armes, knighted on Sunday 9 February, 1644. (Q. if not the 2?)

28 February. Colonel Sir Thomas Dabridcourt [Dabridgecourt], sometime Leift.-governor of Marlinsbury, knighted.

Sir Charles Cottrell, Master of the Ceremonies, knighted in Christ church, Oxon., 6 March, 1644.

Sir Thomas Rives, Doctor of Law, and the King's Advocate, knighted Sunday, 16 March, 1644. (Q. if not Wed. Foll,?)

1645. Upon the King's coronacion day, 27 March, 1645, Sir Richard Mauleverey [Mauleverer] was knighted in Christ church, Oxon.

Sir Robert Peake, sometime picture-seller (a) at Jolborne Bridge, and Leift.-Colonel to the Marquis of Winchester, was then knighted. [Deputy-Governor of Basing house.]

Sir (blank) Leift. governor of Wallingford.

*Sir William Mason.

Those Knights marked * are not recorded in the Lists of Knights, M. 5 and M.15, Coll. Arm.

a. The print-seller whose name is attached to many protraits and other engravings, now rare.

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The Marches, Moovings, and Actions of the Royall Army, his Majesty being personally present, from his coming out of his Winter Quarter at Oxford, May 7, 1645, till the end of August following.

Thursday, April 24, 1645. Cromwell's horse and dragoons ruined some of our horse that quartered about Islip, of the Lord of Northampton's command. 21 buried in Islip. 18 men buried in (blank) over against Kidlington; and this day they demanded the delivery up of Bletchingdon, a howse belonging to Sir Thomas Coghill, wherin Colonel Windibanke had 200 foot, sans workes, and provision onely for two or three days. This afternoone, one [of] the Oxford troopes kept the bridge of Gossard [?Gosford]. At night came some commanded foot out of Oxford, thither; also Colonel Palmer's regiment of horse.

About two or three of the clock, Friday morning, the colonel valiantly gave up the howse and all his armes, &c., besides 50 horse that came in thither for shelter; and this without a shott.

Friday, in the afternoone, he was condemned by a councell of warr to dye; and those that were his councellors and advisers, viz,. Leift.-Colonel Hutchinson, Major Earnley, Mr. Eedes, were disabled for ever bearing armes any more.

Satterday morning. Wallingford troope came to Oxford to releife the Lord of Northampton, &c. Some horse and foot came from Farringdon from Colonel Lisle's garrison, and all the horse in Oxford were to be drawne out (and many horses were this day plundered upon that pretence).

When we had drawn out and marched, newes came that the enemy was gone. We returned to our severall quarters. At seven of the clock the Queenes troope of Life Guard was beate up, and 60 horses taken, but [only] 6 men.

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On Sunday the enemy pursued Lisle's men, and took and killed neare 200 of them.

This afternoone also many foot and horse were drawne out of Oxford.

Satterday 3d of May. Colonel Winnibanke was shotte to death, after he was reprived from Wednesday before.

This Satterday Cromwell's forces removed from before Faringdon, els if they had stayd Prince Rupert and Generall Goring had falne upon them; they were twice repulsed by Farringdon men, with great losse to them.

Sunday morning, May 4. Prince Rupert and Prince Maurice came to oxford. Generall goring came on Munday.

Wednesday may 7. His Majestie left Oxford, attended with Prince Rupert, Prince Maurice, Earl of Lindsey, duke of Richmond, and Earl of Northampton. His troope and the Queenes lay that night at Woodstock.

                                Woodstock Church.

In the west window of the church four pictures kneeling, large, with the armes of France and England quarterly.

In scrolls over their heades:

   1. Joh'es f.......

   2. .......Thome frat'ejus, Dux........Clarenscie.

   3. Rex (a) .....

   4. Humfray frater ejus ......

This has a border argent about it. The rebells have lately broke the window.

Description of drawing

In the lowest window south side this coate: Description of drawing

In the middle of the chancel, upon a flat stone inlayed in brasse, an armed knight and a lady, the inscription circumscribed:

a. Henry the Fifth and his three brothers, but carelessly copied.

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.....buried the bodyes of sir Edw. Chamberle, Kt. that was mode Leift. of ..... memory King Henry the 7th, and Dame Cyceley his wife, the which.......

Four coats, and impaling several. Description of drawing

Thursday, May 8. This morning at one of the clock an alarme waked us, and at daybreake the King marched with his 4 peices of cannon, 8 boates in cariages, &c.: vizt. all manner of amunition, his troopes of life guard and foot regiment, the Eale of Northampton's regiment of horse, Sir Thomas Dalyson's regiment of horse, and part of the regiment of Lifeuard in the van; amunition, &c. next, then his Majestie, &c. Earl of northampton in the reare.

Neare Stow on the Would, wee joyned Prince Rupert's army of horse and foot, eighteen myles. The King quartered at Stow on the Would. This morning Generall Goring tooke forty of Cromwell's horse prisones, and two colonels, neare Burford, which newes saluted us in Woodstocke Parke. Newes that Sir Thomas Fairfax was marched with his body to releive Taunton. Troop at Mawguresbury [Mangersbury].

Mr. Chamberlayne lives here, under his grandfather Sir William Chamberlayne. Serviendo Govierno.

Colonel Sir Marmaduke Roydon is come to Farringdon with his foot to be governor there.

Friday, May 9. His Majestie marched to Evesham, where he joyned with the Lord Asteleyes foot, consisting of 3300; in the primeir place was Prince Rupert's regiment of foot, consisting of 500, and ten of these colours:

   Pily bendy argent and sable, in dexter chief point an annulet of the last. [A banner.]

Colonel John Russell commanding this regiment. Major, Mitchell.

page 166

   "Piley bendy argent and sable," in bend three annulets.

It was colonel Lundsford's regiment (500), raysed in Somersetshire. [refers to second banner.]

This day, Generall goring marched into the West with 3,000 horse.

300 foot taken out of our garrison of Camden; the howse (which was so faire) burnt. (a)

The King's troope garrisoned at Child's Wickham in Glouc., three myles from Evesham. In the church this onley in the east window: Description of drawing

Horse. Langdale's, which wee mett at Stow, 2,500; lifeguads 800.

Foot. This day wee marched in foot; King's lifeguard 200, Colonel Lisle's foot 500, Bard's regiment 300, Prince Rupert's, which wee mett at Stow, 1,000, Lord Astleyes 3,300. Toto 5,300.

Satterday, May 10. the King quartered at Inckburrough Magna, com. wigorn. 9 myles from Worcester.

                           INCKB. [Inkbarrow] Church.

In the south window church, these two, old, in small: Description of drawing

In the south yle a monument for [John] Savage, Esq. who lived in this parish [at Egeoke]: ob. 1631. Description of drawing

This night an out-howse, where Sir henry Bard quartered, was burnt, and fifteen horses of his, &c.

Sunday, May 11. The King marched to the rendesvouz of the whole army of foot, &c. His Majestie, with his owne regiment of foot and horse guards onely, marched to Salt Wiche [Droitwich], com. Wigorn.

The head-quarters of the army this night is at Bromsgrove.

a. Clarendon confirms the wanton burning of this house.

page 167

           Garrisons in com. Wigorn. 1645

Pro Rege: Worcester, Colonel Samuel Sandys, governor post mortem Colonel Gerard.

Evesholme, Major Robert Legge, governor, Major of horse to Prince Maurice his regiment.

Wiche [Droitwich], five myles from Worcester.

Pro Reb. Strensham Howse, belonging to Sir William Russell.

Hawkesley Howse, two myled from Bromsgrove, four myles from Edgbaston.

King: Hartlebury Castle, Bishop of Worcester's howse, four myles from Wich, Sir...Sandys, governor, but his kinsman was under him governor.


His Majestie stayed at Droitwiche till Wednesday. In this time his highnes Prince Rupert sate downe before hawkesley howse; one Mr Middlemore owes it; Lord Astleyes Tertia of foot made the approaches (which were left for us with a great deale of advantage to us), vizt. bankes, and a lane and trees.

Captain Buckster, troop of horse, was killed here, and some footsoldjers and pioneeres.

On Wednesday about two of the clock in the afternoone the King left Wiche and went with his guards to the leaguer before Hawkesley, and just as his majestie appeared in view it was delivered unto the mercy of the King and the officers, and that they might be free from the insolence of the common soldjers.

In this howse was a moneth's provision and ammunition, but the soldjers would not fight when they perceived it was the King's army.

Gouge, the son to Dr. Gouge, was the captain of foote and governor and Whichcott commanded the horse. 60 foot, and above 40 horse.

After Lord Astley had the pilage of the howse and the soldjers prisoners, the howse was sett on fyre.

This night the King lay at Cofton-hall, two myle off.

page 168

Thursday at fowre in the morning, the King and the army mett neare this howse, the workes, the workes slighting.

These colonels and governours were this night with his Majestie:

Colonel Scudamore, governour of Hereford.

Colonel Leveson, governour of Dudley Castle, com. Stafford.

Colonel Michael Woodhowse, governour of Ludlow.

Colonel Leveson's regiment of horse had these three cornetts, belonging to Dudley Castle:

Sable, an ostrich or, holding in its mouth a sword proper, and standing on a scroll with the letters SA.-SA.

Earl of Shrewsburyes howse, called Grafton, is within a myle of Bromsgrove, com. Wigorn.

The troopes of life-guard quartered this night at (blank).Wee marched from four in the morning ill six, sans rest.This night the King lay at Homley [Himley] hall, com. Stafford, where now the Lord Ward lives, who is son to Ward sometyme goldsmyth [in] London, which son married the Lady Dudley; an old howse moted.

In the church of Hombley [Himley], this is circumscribed on a flat stone, with the pictures of two women: Description of drawing

This coate: Description of drawing

Friday May 16, 1645. The rendesvouz was neare the King's quarters, began after four of the clock in the morning here; one soldjer was hangd for mutiny.

The Prince his head-quarter was at Wulverhampton, a handsome towne, one fayre church in it.

page 169

The King lay at Bisbury [Bushbury], a private sweete village, where Squire Gravenor (as they call him) lives; whcih name hath continued here 120 yeares: Before him lived bisbury of Bisbury.

In Bisbury church, com. Stafford, in the south yle or chappel of the church belonging to the manor-howse, these, old, in glassse: Description of drawing

These two pictures and subscription are in the east window of this chappel: Description of drawing

Under him, Hery De Buschebury; under her, [Amy]  Ce Sa Femme. (a)

Some flat stones in this chancel of a course free stone; the insciptions are circumscribed in black pitch letters, and the statue of the partie scratcht in black.

This coate is in glasse in the parlor of this Grosvenor's howse, old: Description of drawing

This in a paper for a funeral there: Description of drawing

Satterday, May 17, 1645.

His Majestie marched by tong, com. Salop, a faire church, the windows much broken, and yet divers ancient coates of armes remayne. (b)

A fayre old castle neare this church called Tong Castle, belonging

a. There is a drawing of this glass in C.36,f.31, coll, Arm. Three shields of arms are also given, viz. 1, or, two lions passant azure; 2, England; 3, Bushbury.

b. Vide for these, C.35,F.18,39,&c.Coll.Arm.

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to Peirpount this 18 yeares; it was the ancient seate of Stanley, who came to it by marrying Vernon of the Peaake at haddon. (a)

Thence thorough Newport.

                             Newport Church, com. Salop.

North window, north yle, these two, old: Description of drawing

East window, same yle: Description of drawing

Younges coate of Keynton, within 2 myle off. Reb. Description of drawing

For Judge Salter, 1492.

Divers flat stones of common people.

His Majesty lay at Mr. Pigott's, at Chatwynd, one myle beyond Newport.

The two troopes at Edgemonde.

                   In Edgmond Church, com. Salop.

South window, chancel, very old: Description of drawing

North window, ibidem: Description of drawing

a. Sir Thomas Stanley married Margaet the daughter and coheir of Sir George Vernon of Hannon, co. Derby, called "King of the Peake." Vincent's Derby. f. 11, Coll. Arm.

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In the north window, north yle church, and yle belonging to Mr. young, of Keynton, in this parishe: Description of drawing

In the upper south window of the church, these two coates and inscription at bottome of the window: Description of drawing

This second coate is in the second and third south window church, with this miter. As also in the east window of the church. Description of drawing

Upon a large flat stone in the middle yle of the church, the statues of a man and woman inlayed in brasse, two shields, and this inscription: Description of drawing

Mr. Corbett is Lord of this manor, 300l. per annum.

At Longford, the parish adjoyning, and neare Newport, the Earle of Shresbury has a large brick howse and seate, spolyl and abusd.

A garrison of the rebells 1644, delivered up to Prince Rupert.

a. John Arundel, Bishop of Lichfield 1496, translated to Exeter.

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Colonel Bagott's regiment of horse, three blew cornetts without any manner of badge, motto, or distinction.

Bagott's foot colors:

Azure, a mullet or, on a canton a cross.

Colonel Bagott, the Governour of Lichfield, joyned with the King's army, 300 foote and 200 horse.

                            Garrisons in com. Salop.

K. Tong Castle. First the King had it; then the rebells gott it; then Prince Rupert tooke it and putt in a garrison, who afterward burnt it when he drew themm out to the battaile of York.

K. Longford Howse, the Earle of Shewsbury. First the rebells made a garrison 1644, and held it till Prince Rupert tooke it at the same time he did Tong Castle. Colonel Young is Governour.

Young's estate 300l. per annum, his wife a clothier's daughter.

K. Lindsill, three myle from Newpot a howse of Sir Richard Leveson's. (Lindsill Abbey.) Sir Richard L. made it himself aboute hallowmass 1644, and still remaynes so pro Rege, 160 men in it. (He lives in the lodge.) Bostock Governour obijt.

K. High Arcall [Ercall], a howse belonging to the Lord Newport, made a garrison about the same time that the former was, made a garrison by my lord himselfe. 200 men in it. Capain Nicholas Armer is Governour.

R. Wemme, a towne pro Parl.; King, a c Chandler in Chancery lane, is Governour.

K. (blank) Castle, Sir henry Fred. Thinne owes it.

R. Morton Corbet Castle. Sir Vincent Corbett owes it. Pro Rebells. 4 myles from Shrewsbury.

R. Shrewsbury, betrayed to the rebells in winter 1644.

K. Bridgnorth Castle, Sir Lewis Kirke Governour: 300 foot.

K. Ludlowe towne and castle, Sir Michael Woodhowse.

K. Stoake Castle, Captain Danet commands it under Woodhowse. (Lost in June following.)

K. Shraydon [Shrawardine] Castle.  An Irishman under Sir William Ball commands it.

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K. Chirke Castle, Leift.-Colonel Watts, Governour.

R. A  howse within three myles of Bridgnorth.

                                        Garrisons in Staffordshire.

R. Eggleshall Castle, 1644, 6 myles from Newport in Salop.

K. Lichfield.  Golonel Bagott, Governour.

R. Stafford.  Lewis Chadwicke, Governour.

R. Russell Hall; a taylor, Governour.

R. Mr. Gifford's howse at Chilleton [Chillington], three myles from Wolverhampton, now slighted by themselves.

K. Dudley Castle.  Colonel Leveson, whose estate and habitation is at Wolverhampton, is Governour.

R. Tamworth Castle, four myles from Lichfield.

R. Alveton, or Alton Castle, in the parish of A., about 40 or 50, in the Moorelands.

R. Peynsley Howse, neare Cheddle [Cheadle], in Lee parish.  Mr. Draycott, p. Reg. owes it.  About 50 men in it.

R. Caverswall Howse. Mr. Cradock, pro Rege, owes it.  About 50 men in it.   Captain Ashenhurst is Governour, whose father was a justice of the peace in Derbyshire.

                                            Garrisons in Cheshire.

K. Chester.  Lord Byron, Governour.

R. Nantwiche.

K. Holt Castle.

K. Harding Castle.

K. Beeston Castle. Captain Vallet Governour, lord Byron's Captain.

These garrisons shutt up by the rebells: Houghton Howse, Mr. Stanleyes, three myles distant from Chester; Puddington, Sir William Masseyes howse, three myles distant from Chester........towne.  These three are in the hundred of Worrall, com. Cestr.

                                     CHATWYN [Chetwynd] Church, com. Salop

East window chancel, this, very old: Description of drawing

page 174

Upon the ground in the chancel, against the north wall, lies a knight crosse-legged, with a shield on his left arme. they call it the monument of ....Chetwyn, ante Conq.

In the middle of the chancel a flat stone, thus: Description of drawing

This flowery crosse is wrought handsomely and embosses out.

Against the south wall of the chancel two monuments, statues lying in armour, about Hen. 5 or 6 time.  Alablaster, very curiously wrought.  Under their heads upon a helme, forth of a wreath, a fox head.  He next the east end oldest, and a chayne about his neck.  The other in a different fashiond armor, and a chayne of collar of S. and a rose at the end hanging about his neck.  Two angells support at west end these two shields:

Description of drawing

In the parlour windowes of this pretty howse of Mr. Pigott's:

Description of drawing

page 175

Tuesday, May 20, 1645.  His Majesty with his army removed from Chatwyn thorough Drayton, com. Salop, and lay a myle farther.  Earl of Lichfield, &c., at Norton, at a howse sometimes the habitation of Grosvenor, now Cotton's.

The King lay at Church his howse in Drayton parish.

This Grosvenor built it [i.e the house at Norton] temp. Qu. Mary.

Description of drawing

The elder howse of Grosvenor in this county is Bellaport in the parish of Norton, com. Salop.

These are painted in a chamber window of this howse:

Description of drawing

Thomas Grasvenar, Esq. and Margery his wife, da: of John Cottes of Woodcott, Esq. (a)

Wednesday the army rested, because Sir Marmaduke Langdale, the Major-Generall, was sent the night before with a party of horse and foot to surprise Wemme, which then had but 150 men in it; but, coming too late, fayled.

Thursday, May 22.  Wee marched from Drayton to Stone in com. Stafford; his Majestie lay at Mr. Crompton's howse, a sweet place in a fyne parke; he a rebel.

Friday the army rested.

Satterday the 24.  Wee marched to Uttoxater.  His Majestie lay at Sir Thomas Milward's howse at Eaton, in com. Derb.  Wee marched this day thorough a parke belonging to the Lord Cromwell;

a. this must be an error. The male is a Peshall, and the female coat is not that of Cotes.  Thomas Grosvenor of Bellaport married Isabella, daughter and coheir of Richard Peshall.

page 176

then by a house of Sir Harvey Bagott's, in the Moorelands in Staffordshire, a woody enclosed country all the way, except the moores on the top of the hill; a black earth where they digg and cutt a heathy turfe; a rebellious place.

Earl of Lichfield, &c., quartered this night at Marston, near Cubley, in com. Derby.

Description of drawing

This day a foot soldjer was tyed (with his sholders and breast naked) to a tree, and every carter of the trayne and carriages was to have a lash; for ravishing two women.

                                              Garrisons in Derbyshire.

R. Derbye.  Sir John Gell is Governour.  Five churches in it.

R. Barton Howse. Mr. Merry owes it. Captain Barton, a clergyman, sometime chaplain to Sir Thomas Burdett, and Captain Grenewood, a skynner at Ashbourne in this county, are Governors. 700 horse.

R. Bolsover Castle, the seate of the Marquis of Newcastle.

R. Wingfield Manour.

R. Welbeck Howse, belonging to the Marquis of Newcastle.

Whitsunday, May 25, 1645. The army marched to Burton upon Trent, the head quarters. His Majestie lay at Tedbury Castle, under the command of Lord Loughborough; Sir Andrew Kniveton, Governor.  Wee lay at Roulston in Staffordsh.

                                        ROULSTON [Rolleston] Church.  C.

North window chancel, old:

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East window, south yle, church:

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In the south yle church is a low altar tombe, upon the top a white stone circumscribed in old text black letters; the pictures of a knight in armes and a woman scratcht in black lynes, the fashion of this country.

This shield at bottome betweene them:

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Another flatter adjoyning, of the same fashion and coate, Laur R. Esq. [Grandson of John and Margaret.]

These Rollestons lived here (till of late) time out of mind. Rolston had 400 l. per ann.

Sir Edward Moseley bought it of Rolson of Rolson.

 Against the south wall chancel, the statue of a lawyer, is a faire monument:

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Here was no need of law lattine.

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Munday 26, the army rested; some of Derby (Rebel) horse gave Colonel Caryes quarters an alarm.

Tuesday his Majestie marched to Ashby-de-la-Zouche, com. Leicester, the head quarters of the Lord Loughborough in com. Leic. Earl of Lichfield to Packington.

In this march this day wee marched neare Shelford manor, com. Nottingh. a faire seate of the Earl of Chesterfield.

Church at Packington com. Leicester, this coate, old, north window church:

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                                      Garrisons in com. Leicestr.

R. Leicester, the committee of Reb. governes; Theoph. Gray, third brother to the Earl of Kent, writes Governour: 600 men.

K. Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Henry Hastings, Baron of Loughborough, Gov. the ancient seate of Hastings Earl of Huntingdon. 600 men.

R. Cole Overton, a house of the Lord Beaumont's one myle from Ashby. Temple, Governour. 50 men.

R. Bagworth House, or a lodge in a parke, the Lady Manors [Manners'] howse; five myle from Ashby.  50 men.

R. Kirkby Belhows [Belars], a howse belonging to Sir Erasmus Delafountayne. The men ran away a the newes of Sir Marm. Langdale, but came in again.  50 men.

To all these garrisons above mentioned the yearly contribucion amounted to fourscore and seaventeene thousand pounds, within this county of Leicester onely.  Of late Belvoir Castle has one hundred allotted to it out of this shire. And the whole number of men were not above 1,500 in all these garrisons.

Wednesday, May 28, 1645. His Majestie marched with his army neare Cole Orton, garrison of the enemyes; then by the Abbey of

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Gracedieu, where Sir Thomas Beaumont lives.  There remaynes an entire church, with cloisters, hall, &c. These coates painted lately in one of the chambers:

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and many more.

The head quarters was this night at Loughborough, com. Leicestr.

His Majestie lay this night at Sir Henry Skipwith's house, called Cotes, in the parish of [Prestwould], com. Leicester.

This day Sir Richard Willys (and Colonel Villiers), the Governor of Newarke, came from thence with 1,200 horse.

Newes this day that Evesholme was lost.

Thursday his Majestie marched and pitcht downe before Leicester citty, a garrison of the rebells, and commanded by Theoph. Grey, third brother to the Earle of Kent.

Friday, May 30. His highnes Prince Rupert sent a trumpet (after he had shott two great peices at the towne) to summon it for his Majestie, offering the burgesses and corporacion pardon, &c. They deteyne his trumpet, and about one of the clock afternoone, in this interim, the Prince rayses a battery for six great peices upon a hill, where sometymes of old had byn such another. about two of the clock one of the Leicester trumpets was sent to desire time to consider of it till the morrow morning, and to tell him that they wondered he would rayse any worke, &c. during this summons.  His Highnes told the trumpet if he came agen with such another errand, he'de lay him by the heels. About half an houre after he comes agen with this note directed thus: "To the Commander in Cheife;" desiring time to consider till the morrow morning.

The Prince commits the trumpet to his Marshall.  Still the first trumpet they keepe. Then the Prince about three of the clock

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sent them an answer in lowder termes; six peices from the fort on the south side of the towne playing on a stone wall unlyned, and made ere six of thye clock a breach of great space.  Musketts and cannon continually putting us in mind of some thing done.

The towne of Leicester was cheifely governed by a committee, vizt. Mr. Huett of Dunton; Mr.Haslerigg; Ludlom, a chandler there; Mr.Payne of Medburne; Newton of Houghton, a reveiver, sometime high constable; read of Thirlby; Mr. Lewyn;.....Stanley, a mercer there by the West gate.

Sir Robert Pye of Farringdon came two or three dayes [before] into the towne, and was a great meanes of resisting the Prince.

After the breach was made in the wall by our cannon, by six of the clock, they in the towne had gotten up a handsome retrenchment with three flankers, (a great Spanish peice,) within four or five yards of the wall.

All the evening was a generall preparation to assaulte the towne, and a little before 12 of the clock in the night this violent storme began, and continued till after one. Colonel George Lisle's tertia fell on upon the breach; once beate off, and the King sent his foot regiment of lifeguards to assist, but they gott fully in before.

Colonel Bard's tertia fell on with scaling ladders, some neare a flanker, and others scaled the horne worke before the drawbridge on the east side.

Sir Bernard Asteleyes tertia fell on, on the north side, which is the river side, and a draw[bridge] next the abbey.

Colonel John Russell, with the Prince's regiment of blew cotes, and also the Prince's fferelockes, assaulted.

They sett the Prince's black colours on the great battery within. Earl of Northampton's horse about one of the clock were lett in at the ports, and they scowred the lyne and towne.  In the meane time the foot gott in and fell to plunder, so that ere day fully open scarse a cottage unplundered.  There were many Scotts in this towne, and not quarter was given to any in the heat.

More dead bodyes lay just within the lyne farre then without or in the graffe