Sir Richard Molyneux
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page 255.

Lord Lambert, Irish
Lord Burlacy, Irish

These four regiments were raysed about and in Dublyn, and the first beginning to suppresse the rebellion.

Some of these came over with Tilyard, 1,000 foot greencoates came with him, most of them lost at Yorke with Prince Rupert.

All officers and soldjers that went out of England had an oath given them to fight for the King and parliament.

When the King called them to his assistance into England, he had an oath administered to them to. Most came to the King except those that left there to resist the rebells.

Divers companies of foot raysed by private gentlemen of that kingdome that never came into regiments.


Lord Lisle's eldest son to the Earl of Leicester. regiment now at London. Sir Richard Grenvill was Major. After the battaile of Rosse they both came over in [to] England.

1. Captain Sir William Vaughan. He brought over this regiment into England at Christmas 1643, landed in Nesson [Nesse] in Worral behind Chester.

Sir Thomas Lucas was Commissary Generall of the horse and was to have this regiment, but he stayd in Ireland.

Little before the battaile of Yorke, Sir William Vaughan, being Colonel, made Slaughter his Leiftenant-Colonel, who was Captaine Leiftenant to Sir Thomas Lucas in Ireland, and Major coming over; at the same time Radcliffe Duckenfield was made Major, and Beverley Usher his Leiftenant.

These three came over captaines: 1. Captain Croftes, killed at Longford in Shropshire, when they beat Mitton and 300 of Mitton's men killd, and one of theirs besides, and five taken. 2. Captain John Davalier, a Florentine, tooke his troope to Ludlowe, and is now Colonel. 3. Captain John Bomer, at first in Ireland a cornett to Captain Villiers. Toto, six troopes.

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Now these are Captains, October, 1645. 1. Captain Bomer. 2. Armorer, now Governour of Arcall, Leiftenant to Croftes in Ireland. 3. james Vaughan, borther to Sir William. 4. Dixie, Leiftenant to Slaughter, first a corporall, Cornet to Sir Thomas Lucas and Leiftentant. 5. Brookes.

Divers single troopes in Ireland besides. Garrisoned in several places, and drawne out according to the severall designes.

An. Dni. 1644. Sir William Vaughan was Generall of Shropshire. In the winter he made these his garrisons to quarter his owne regiment:-

Shraydon Castle, commanded by Sir William his brother, a parson; lost it to the counties of Salop, Chester, &c. Cawes Castle, Davalier. High Arcall, Armorer. Linshall and Dawley, Major Duckenfeild.

October 1645. When the King was at Newarke, he made Sir William Vaughan generall of the horse in the counties of Salop, Wigorn, Stafford, Hereford, South Wales, and north Wales.

Munday, October 26. Sir William Vaughan came to Chirke. We marched to Llanannis [Llanynys], Mr. Thelwall's howse, com. Denbigh.

In the chamber window - old: Description of drawing.

                   Ruthyn Church, com. Denbigh.

East window, chancel, old: - A shield (blank).

Under an arch, south wall of the belfray, betweene church and chancel, the statue. Description of drawing.

Lowest north window, chancel old: Description of drawing.

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West window, church, old and faire: Description of drawing.

South window, over the doore: Description of drawing.

Monument of Parry: Description of drawing.

Monument of Jones: Description of drawing.

           Llanhaydir [Llanrhaiadr] Church, com. Denbigh.

East window, chancel: Description of drawing.

Sir Edwyn Lloyd lives in this parish.

"The effigies of Sir Thomas Salusbury, of Lleweny, Knight Banerent [Banneret,] son of Thomas Salusbury Esq.; he lived in the time of Edward 4, Ric. 3. he was dubed Knight Banerent by henry 7. at Black heath feild: obijt 1505." Description of drawing.

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This picture is in the howse of the Lady Salusbury in the parish of Henllan. This is a surcoate of velvet, over his armour; and so written on it as above.

Many monuments of the family of Salisbury are in the church of Whitchurch by Denbigh.

Friday, October 31, came intellingence to Denbigh to Sir William Vaughan that the enemy under the command of Mitton was advanced to Ruthyn, both horse and foot.

Satterday at noone wee had the alarm, for they were at Whitchurch, below the towne. Their approach was handsomely disputed by our horse and foot above an howre in the hedges and lane.

Their number of foot, being 1500 at least, made ours retreat to the towne, which was not long disputed by reason of their forward advancing. Our horse were putt to a disorderly retreat and flight, notwithstanding Sir William Vaughan drew many of them up upon a greene neare two myles off, but could not be made stand: a party of Arcall horse chargd the persuers, and were seconded by part of Prince Maurice's life-guard.

The foot were lett into the castle by the governour. the horse gott to Llanrust that night, com. Denbigh, twelve miles distant. next morning dispersed to quarters. The governour of Denbigh wrote that the enemy was in his sight above double our number.

Tuesday, 4° Nov. returned a trumpet from Dendigh sent by Sir W. V. and told that their rendesvouz was at Northop, the day before, (see a copy of Mr. Salisburyes letter to the Governur of Denbigh p. 280): and this morning being Tuesday came our foot to us out of the castle to Llanrust. A regiment of Reformades against us in this buisines come from London under Mitton's (Brereton's) command.

Sir W. Vaughan's forces composed of those regiments and companies.

P. Maurice life guard in part.

Sir William V.'s owne regiment, with Arcall, Bridgnorth, and Chirke; Colonel Hurter [first written Rutter] that commanded the

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horse in Monmouth; Colonel Worden's; Shakerley, Leift,-Colonel; Colonel Sandys of Worcester-all 300.

Colonel Randal Egerton's, Major-Generall to Gerard; Colonel Whitley-both 200.

Colonel Gradyes regiment; General Gerard's, and colonel Davalier's-200.

Lord Byron's regiment 100. -Horse, toto 700.

Foot-P. Maurice firelocks in pt. 150; Ludlow Foot 90; Arcall Dragoons, 20; Chirke Firelocks 20, - Foot, toto 280.

Sir Richard Wynn lives at Guydur [Gwydyr], a faire seate in the parish of Llanrust, yet in Carnarvonshire. Description of drawing.

This coate is twice, old, in his window, and contrary, one gardant, the other passant: Description of drawing.

Manan [Maynan], an old howse in the parish of [Eglwysfach], county of Carnarvon, neare Llanrust. This coate is often carved on the old wainescott, for Kyffin; and one Mr. Kyffin now lives there; they call him Cuffy. Description of drawing.

This also is in a little paper pasted and painted upon the wainscott: Description of drawing.

The roofe of the parlour adorned with the second coate, and W.K. 1576. [Here is sketched a buck's head.]

The roof of a chamber over the parlour was the old roofe of the chappel of Conway abbey. In another chamber thus painted: Description of drawing.

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And in some places party per fesse. In another party per bend sinister ermine and erminois.

This family of Cuffyn came out of Flintshire; the ruine of the A. [Abbeys] was the raysing of them. One of the family fled for Killing a man formerly, at last returned and changed his name to Vaughan, for he was little of stature, for so Vaughan signifies.

The Abbey of conway stands neare this howse called Manan; 'twas antiently built at Aberconway, but one of the princes there (as is reported) likt his seate and gave him leave to build in any part of Carnarvonshire els. The abbot likt none better then this seate, but 'twas out of Carnarvonsh. over the river in Denbighsh. So this abbey was made part of Carnarvonsh. This is the countrey story. Now the family of Wynn lives in this abbey; their coate is: Description of drawing.

This coate is painted also in the abbey howse: Description of drawing.

                  St George Parish, com. Denbigh.

Against the north wall hangs coate armour, mantle, helme, and creast of one of the family of Holland:

       Azure, a lion rampant guardant between six fleurs-de-lis or [Holland].

700l. per annum inter two sisters.

Colonel Price lives in this parish at Kinmill: he married the heire of David Holland the son of Peirs H.

            St. Asaph Cathedral, com. Flint.

East window of the quire: Description of drawing.

Bishop Robert Redman [consecrated 1471]. The same coate is carved upon the organ loft; there was formerly the picture of a soldjer and these [sc. cushions].

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This quire is pretty handsome, but poore in respect of others.

Upon the flore neare the north wall at the east end of the quire lyes the statue of a bishop cutt in stone; an arch over his head a foot above the ground, with miter and crosier.

The body of the catherdral is rude and slovenly clay flore, only a scurvy stone walke in the middle. No other monuments in the church.

                 Another church here called St. Asaph Church.

South window: Description of drawing.

The bishop has a howse here,- a good parsonage howse in England.

Wednesday rested, 5°.

Thursday, 6°, to St. George parish, the rest quartered thereabouts.

Friday, 7° Nov. was a generall rendesvouz on Denbigh greene. This night the head-quarter was at Llanraydor, Sir Evan Lloyd's howse.

Satterday marched to Llansanfraid. Some over the water in Merionethshire.

Sunday, to Llanvutlyn, written Llanvilling in the mapp; a towne where the King lay about two months before as he marched from hereford to Chester. All, both horse and foot, lay there.

Munday, Nov. 10, to Newtowne. In this march a leiftenant of horse and trooper fell out, and had a single combatte in private about a horse. Both fought a horseback; the leiftenant shott him in the thigh, and the trooper him in the sholder, disarmed the leiftenant, and tooke away his horse and pistolls.

Here the van ot quartermasters tooke Captaine Vyner and seven of his men prisoners; the rest of his troope were at the seige of Chester then.

Tuesday to Knighton, a pretty towne, com. Radnor. Here Mr. Crowder the sheriffe of the shire lives.

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                          Knighton Church, com. Radnor.

South window: Description of drawing.

Painted on the wall: Description of drawing.

This Crowder married Mr. Herbert Price' sister of Brecknock.

             Wigmore Church, com. Hereford, two myle from Brampton Bryan.

(Selden's Titles of Honor, p. 840, "Rogero de Mortuomari de Wigmore," Teste to a patent Rot. Cart. 9 E.2.)

East window, south yle church, very old and large: Description of drawing.

Same yle a flat stone and a protrait of a man in armour, the inscription circumscribed, but imperfect. This shield: Description of drawing.

In the north window of the south chappel of the church, small: Description of drawing.

Sir Gilly Merrick lived here in the castle. Sir Robert Harley was borne here in this castle; his father lived in it before Sir Gilly. Harley ruined it at the beginning of the Parliament. At the

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rendesvouz neare Brampton Bryan (both castle and church are demolisht), a Dr. of Physick kept the castle.

Wednesday, Nov. 12. This party dispersed. Prince M. guards to Bewdley, Bridgenorth horse thither; the rest with Sir William V. to Lemster, com. Hereford.

The inhabitants of Brecknockshire had pulld downe the castle of Brecknock, and walls of the towne. Colonel Herbert Price they petitioned out to the King afore.

Monmouth taken by the countrey people.

The people of the Forest of Deane had made turnpikes in the avenues and passes into the countrey, and sufferd none to enter without their leave. The Parliament soldjers cap in hand for a night's quarter.

The countrey people of Merionethshire at times also beseige and block up the King's castle of Aberusty [Aberystwith].

Thursday, Lord Gerard's troope of Reformades, &c. came into Herefordshire, and quartered a myle from Lemster.

Prince Rupert and Prince Maurice now at Worcester.

When Sir W.V. marched out of Denbighshire, the enemy lay in this magger; three troopes of horse and three troopes of dragoons at Bretton, Welch side, two myle from Chester. Colonel Jones lay at Darleston with a regiment of 400 horse, and another or 400 firelocks called jones his regiments. They have a bridge over the Dee at Egleston. More lye at Wrexham.

Staffordshire horse gone.

They drew out of these garrisons to fight us, vizt. Wem, Oswistree, Red Castle, Montgomery, Nottingham. Derby, Stafford; Vin'e trope of 50; besides Mitton brought 500 horse and foot.

Satterday, about two in the morning, came intellinence that Mitton was advancing toward Lemster. Sir William Vaughan drew out and marched the night; quartered at Sutton and Morton, &c. com. Hereford.

Sir Henry Linghen has a faire howse in Sutton. an able parish.

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Morton Church, com. Hereford.

Against the east wall, a small and neate monument for Mr. Dauncer, lately erected; his son now lives here. 'Tis a church lease, not 200l. p.a. Description of drawing.

Sunday, the firelocks and Gerard's troope went to Worcester with Sir William Vaughan; the rest of the horse removed to Maunsell, &c.

The countrey people told us the Scotts at the seige of Hereford eate the piggs which they cutt out of a sowes belly.

In Derb: the Scotts dranke, "Swill the King's health."

This day we removed to Mansfield Parva, &c.

Thursday removed to Delwyn.

                Delwyn [Dilwyn] Church, com. Hereford.

East window of the chancel, these five, very large and old, each about a foot broad: Description of drawing.

North window, chancel: Description of drawing.

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In the lower north window of the chancel these two coates and this picture are fairely aud largely painted, and putt in since the old glasse was made: Description of drawing.

Under the arch in the middle of the north wall of the chancel lyes this statue, cutt in stone: Description of drawing.

In the chancel, upon a flat stone of this fashion, this is thus carved, very old, shield simply carved: Description of drawing.

East window, south yle, church: Description of drawing.

First south window, south yle: Description of drawing.

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Second window. Description of drawing.

The north window of the chappel, in the north yle of the church, is fairely adorned with the pictures of the twelve Apostles, these two shields at bottome: Description of drawing.

At the church gate stands a howse and square with pillars and two doores, which they call a Palme-howse; it formerly stood in the churchyard. Description of drawing.

A water wheele six foot in diamenter, six spokes, and about four inches thick. Description of drawing.

This will turne spitts, two chernes, and beate in a morter.

Munday night, November 22; Tuesday morning, 23. Colonel Gradyes and Generall Gerard's regiments, lying at Pembridge, at three of the clock in the morning were beate up, one or two killd, most lost their horses and armes.

Stokesay, Montgomery, and Martin of New Radnor did it.

Tuesday, those horse under Sir William Vaughan's command, marched to Lemster.

               Lemster [Leominster] Church, com. Hereford.

Within it is a double church; the north side is very ancient, the other part was built later. The Fryars had also a church neare this.

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In the north yle window of the old church, called St. Anthonyes Church, very old: Description of drawing.

An old alter-tombe with alablaster on the topp, in black lynes the two pictures, and in a large forme the effigies of our Saviour on the crosse. Description of drawing.

In the middle yle of the church, neare a lower north pillar, upon an altar-tombe lyes this fashiond statue of a woman fairely carved: Description of drawing.

For the Lady Jane Clifford who built the west window, and gave three commons to the poore of this parish. (a)

A flat stone in the chancel, the pictures of a man and woman scratcht in black lynes. This coate between them he in armor: Description of drawing.

The inscription circumscribed. Eaton, in this parish, was an ancient seate of this family.

Upon the same in other characters: Description of drawing.

a. Matilda Mowbray, niece of Sir Walter Clifford. See Gough's Camden, vol. ii. p. 458.

b. The date given in Camden is May 1, 1507; in C. 25, f. 4, Coll. Arm. May 10, 1527. The well-known compiler of the Voyages, &c. was of this family.

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Another. Description of drawing.

On the south side of the south yle, in the chancel, are three arches within the wall, each lower than other; in the seat a little above it the hole for holy water. [He gives a sketch of them].

These three were for confession. [They are merely sedilia].

This escocheon is upon an old flat stone in the south yle of the chruch. The inscription is circumscribed, very old, in this letter, set very close W. Description of drawing.

The priory adjoynes to the church, habitable in part; the Queenes right, Mr. Coningsby the lease.

Lemster is famous for fine wool, which makes the finest black and scarlet cloth.

A parcell of ground called the Ore, which runs to Kingland, is the finest; 'tis sold for 40s. the stone, 12lb. to the stone, and commonly twelve fleices to the stone.

Sunday, October 26, 1645. At Newarke, Prince Rupert, Generall Gerard, and Sir Richard Willys came into the presence, when the King had almost dyned. Prince Rupert came in discontentedly, with his hands at his side, and approached very neae the King, whereat his Majestie presently commanded all to be taken away, and rising from the table walked to the corner of the roome. They three presented themselves before his Majestie, and first Willys spake after this manneer. (b)


King. Say no more; this is a time unseasonable for you to command here.

a. This and the monuments of Hakluyt and Barnaby are given in C. 25, f.4, Coll. Arm.

b. This part of the manuscript was purposely torn away, as will be seen by the diary i the following page.

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G. All that Sir Richard Willys desires is very reasonable, for, if gentlemen must be putt out upon every occasion and aspersion, it will discourage all from serving your majestie.

K. What doth this concerne you? you for your part have received as much honour as any man, and I did not think you would have come to me in this manner.


G. I am sure, and can prove, that Digby was the cause that I was owted from my comand in Wales.

K. Whosoever says it ...............but a child.......................

[The dialogue was then continued, as shown by the initial letters, by Rupert, the King, Gerard, and Willys.]

[K.] Why then do you not obey me, but come to expostulate with me?

................Majestie is ill informed...................

[K.] I am but a child, Digby............What can...........Rebell say more?

K. O nephewe, 'tis of great concernment, and requires consideration.

Here the prince said something concerning Bristoll. Whereat the King sighed and said, O nephewe, and stopt. Then he would say no more.

O. Lord Digby is the man that has caused all these distractions amongst us.

King. They are all rogues and rascalls that sayes soe, and in effected traytors that seeke to dishonor my best subjects.

Here Gerard bowed himselfe and went out. The Prince shewed no reverence, but went out prowdly with his hands at his side.

All the trayne followed them, and the King left in private with Sir Richard Willys.

Then Sir Richard Willys told the King that the corporall and tenn boyes were able to doe as much service as all his commissioners in Newarke.

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Such stuff was printed as I have torne out, for , being many times since in Sir Willys' company, 'tis all a feynd ** lye, for he said not one word to the King all that while, and Lord Gerard said most, and that was concerning Lord Digby.

This Sir Richard told me October 28, 1659. The coming to Newarke, as afore said, and at a councel of warr proposing what was to be done, Sir Richard propounded that his Majestie would putt all his garrison soldjers in a body and march after Fairfax, then about Taunton. Newarke river was fordable, and in it 4,000 good foot.

[He here notes.] This following belongs to p. 119, [meaning the part relating to the scene at Newark.]

There was then Newarke, Ashby, Tutbury, Lichfield, Belvoir, Weston, Bridgnorth, Denbigh, and other garrisons, Slight them all and all inland garrisons, keep your ports, as Exeter and Bristoll, &c. and you will have canon and very considerable army to fight Fairfax. Besides, Goring's army in the West was then good too.

The King likt it well; Ashburnham embraced Sir Richard for the proposition, and so did Lord Digby like it. But they delayd, and the cowardly commissioners that lingered for compounding, they put queries. Where shall wee have winter quarters? Digby and Ashburnham were jealous Sir Richard should get too much with the King's favour. 3,000l. was raysed by the Ingrams and the Northern gent. to give the King in his necessity, and that they might have a governor that would make good compositions for them, and this gott Sir Richard out of that government, and there did go away with him and his officers 800 soldjers, and, had it not been for Sir Richard himselfe, when his men heard that he was turned out of the government, they had quitted all the guards and all left the King's service: for at the first noyse of it many of them toare their colors in the market place; which was not done by his instigation, or insinuation, but out of love to him, and shewing their discontent.

                  May it please your most excellent Majestie.

Whereas in all humility wee came to present ourselves this day unto your Majestie to make our severall grevances known, wee find wee have drawne

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upon us some misconstruction by the manner of it, by reason your Majestie thought it appeared as a mutiny; wee shall therefore with all humblenes and cleernesse present unto your Majestie that wee the persons subscribed, who from the beginning of this unhappy warr have given such testimonyes to your Majestie and the world of our fidelity and zeale to your Majesties person and cause, doe thinke ourselves as unhappy, to lye under that censure, and, as wee know in our conscience ourselves innocent and free from it, wee doe in all humility therefore, least we should hazard ourselves upon a second misinterpretation, present these reasons of our humblest desires unto your sacred Majestie rather in writing then personally, which are these:

That many of us, trusted in high commands in your Majesties service, have not onley our commissions taken away without any reason of cause expressed, whereby our honours are blemished to the world, our fortunes ruined, and wee rendered incapable of trust or command from any foraigne prince. But many others, as wee have cause to feare, designed to suffer in the same manner. our intentions in our addresssing ourselves to your Majestie were, and our submissive desires now are, that your Majestie Will be gratiously pleased that such of us as now labour under the opinion of unwrothinesse and incapacity to serve your Majestie may at a concel of warr receive knowldedge of the causes of your Majesties displeasure, and have the justice and liberty of our defence againt that can be objected against us. and in particular concerning this government. And, if upon the severest examination our integrity and loyalty to your Majestie shall appeare, that then your Majestie will be gratiously pleased to grant us either reparation in honour against the calumny of our enemyes, of liberty to passe into other parts, which are the hunblest desires of
            Your Majesties most obedient loyall subjects and servants,

Rupert, Maurice, Charles Gerard, Me. Tuchet, Rich. Willys, Cha. Compton, Edw. Villers, Cha. Wheler, Simon Fanshaw, Tho. Daniel, Phil. Honywood, Will. Willys, John Fisher, Will, Rolleston, Wm. Belenden, Somerset Fox, Hen. Osborne, Jo. Schrymshere, Rich. Hatton, Sebast. Bunckley, Jo. James, Robt. Dalison. (a)

          Charles R.

Trusty and welbeloved, wee greet you well. By our former letters wee expresst our care to prevent the inconvenience that might arise to the country and our service if our nephew Prince Rupert and Prince Maurice, with their trayne and followers, should make any long abode at Worcester, or other our

a. This petition is printed in Evelyn's memoirs, but without the sinatures.

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quarters, which by your letters to Sir Edward Walker wee perceive was not without cause. As your care therein, and of our service, is very acceptable unto  us, so wee desire your continuance thereof. Our nephewes stay in those our quarters hath already been longer then wee expected. And because wee perceive it is like to be enlarged in regard to passes which have been sent them from London are such as they thought not fitt to accept of, Our will and command is, that you declare unto them that our pleasure is, that they deliver to you a lyst of all their owne servants which they intend to take with them, whome wee will you to accommodate, as well as you may, with quarters and other necessaryes for them during their residency with you, which wee presume will not be long. And that for all other who adhere to them, as will those who have passes from us as those who have not, Our command is, that you signify our pleasure unto them that they leave our quarters by the first of December next, for that wee may not beare the inconvenience of the eating out of our quarters by those who have so abandoned our service. Herein you are to be very carefull to give us the speedy accompt of your proceedings, for which this shalbe your warrant.

 Given at our Court at Oxford, this 23 of November, 1645.

                       By his Majesties command,

                                                                    Ed, Walker.

Superscribed thus: -

To our trusty and welbeloved colonel Samuel Sandys, Governour of our citty and garrison of Worcester.

Munday, Nov. 31, to Tenbury. At Lemster was a strong guard; every night they watcht by regiments, every third night turne.

                 Tenbury  Church, com. wigorn.

East window, chancel old: Description of drawing.

This picture is in the window, chancel, praying to our Saviour: Description of drawing.

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Against the north wall of the chancel, under an arch, lyes a small statue about two foot long, well cutt: Description of drawing.

West window, church, the glasse very old: Description of drawing.

East window, north yle, is painted with the root of Jesse.

The Scotts broke this font in pieces, and of the next parishes also.

At the bottome of a window, south side of the church, lyes a statue of rude bignes, about seven foot long; his sheild whereon his armes are carved is two foot and halfe long. Description of drawing.

Sir Gilbert Cornwal told me this was for Sturmy, a great man in this partes.

In the south yle, church, an altar-tombe and two statues cutt, lying thereon, he in the moderne armour. Description of drawing.


Base and treble: -

Strep.Come, my Daphne, come away,
We doe wast the cristall day.
Da.'Tis Strephon calls; what would my love?
S.Come follow to the mirtle grove,
Where Venus shall prepare
Rich chaplets for your haire

a. See the notice of this effigy in Nash's Worcestershire, and also of a similarly diminutive effigy at Mapowder Church in Hutchins's Dorsetshire.

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D.Were I shutt up within a tree.
   I'de rend my barke to follow thee.
S.My shepheardesse, make hast
   The minutes fly too fast.
D.In those cooler shades will I,
   Blind as Cupid, kisse thine eye
S.On thy bosome there I'll stray,
   In such warme snow who would not loose his way.
Chor.Weele laugh and leave this world behind,
   And gods themselves that see shall envy thee and me,
But never find such joyes
   Whiles they embrace a deity
Tell me not I my love mispend,
   'Tis time lost to reprove me;
Enjoy thou thine, I have my end,
   So Cloris onely love me.
Tell me not other flocks are full,
   Myne poore; let them despise me
That more abound in milke and wooll,
   So Cloris onely prise me.
Tire others' easier eares with these
   Unapperteyning storyes,
He never feeles the world's desease
   That cares not for her glories.
Nor pitty thou that wiser art
   Whose thoughts lye wide of mine,
Let me alone with mine owne heart,
   And ile ne're envy thine.
Nor blame whoever blames my witt,
   That seekes no higher prise,
Then in unenvyed shades to sett
   And sing of Cloris' eyes:


   Depart thou fatall feaver from me, now depart, thinke not my hart
To thy dull flames shall be a sacrifice.
A maid dread Cupid hath then on the altar laid, by thee betrayed,
A rich oblation to restore thine eyes:
But yet my bare acknowledgment can testifie thou hadst no craft
To bend thy bow against a foe that aymes to catch the shaft.
Nor did feare thee at my bosome all thy arts at once did move,
She that receives a thousand sheaves, she can no more but love.

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  No more, phisitians, let me tire your braynes no more, pray give it ore,
I have a cure that phisick never read.
Although ye skillfull doctors, all the world doth know, in learning flow,
You may as well make practise on the dead;
But if my Gerard do but view me with the bewty of his lookes,
I make no doubt to live without phisitians and their books.
Tis he that with his balmy kisses can restore my latest breath,
What blisse is this to have a kisse can raise a maid from death.

To you that tells me of another world I bowe, and will allowe
Your sacred precepts if you grant me this,
That he whome I accept of best that deity may goe with me;
Without his presence there can be no blisse.
Go teach your tenets of eternity to those that agefd be,
Do not persuade a looveful maid ther's any heaven but he;
But yet methinkes an icy slumber doth possesse my fiery braine,
Pray bid him dye if you see I doe never wake againe.


             For the belly ake or the Grease molten in a horse.

Brimstone beaten to powder, black sope to make it into a paste, and give him the quantity of a hen egg. Stirr him and keepe him warme. Or onely a spoonfull of diapente in strong ale.

                               Gald Back.

Wheaton flower and soot mixed with the white of an egg, made into a soft past. Or strong ale boyld with wheaten bread. Make a poltis; lay it on with red flocks.


Mr. Humfrey Walker of Llanvane, com. salop, neare Radnorshire, pretty seate.

Passeganger. In a court of guard the benches which the soldjers lye on they call swet bankes.

Roundhead,       Carrett beard.        Essex calves.

                  To take away Cornes.

Take a good peice of the leane of veale and bynd the same to the

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corne over night, and by the next morning it will be so supple as you may pull it off.


Bard. Kye at Oswestree.

Mr. Jones of Caus, com. Flint, now prisoner in Chester Castle.

Wednesday, December 2, 1645. To the rock, com. Wigorn.

Friday, to Kinver, betweene Kiderminster and Bridgnorth.

Satterday, 5, to Bridgnorth. Here Lt.-Colonel Sloughter's troope and Colonel Dixies stayed; and Colonel Gradyes. Major Generall and Whitleyes to Hereford.

Beeston Castle surrendered after it had endured a tedious seige.

Sir William Vaughan with his troope to Ludlowe, but his men not admitted.

Captain Bowmer and Captain Vaughan to Arcall, which was shutt up by three or four petty garrisons.

Lord Byron sent word that Lathom Howse was lost, com. Lancaster, the seate of the Earle of Derby.

Thursday, December 18. Sir William Vaughan drew out the horse he had with him afore, and some of Dudley and Ludlowe, 6 or 700 foot commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Smyth, horse 5 or 600; marched from Bridgnorth, and had a rendesvouz towards S.

Friday morning came intelligence to B. that Hereford was lost.

About a fortnight before this Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, the Lieutenant-Governour of Hereford, told Sir thomas Lunsford that he lost Monmouth basely. Sir Thomas told him he lyed; to fight they prepared, but stopt by the guards. Twas referd to six gentlemen, but could not end it; they were both confined.

The Governour and Sir Henry Linghen escaped to Ludlow.

To make severall locks for the port, or doore, or drawing, to be putt on at uncertaine times.

Beeston Castle held out, and had but one dayes provision left; the captaine and his company marched out with all their baggage, arms, match lighted, bullet in mouth, &c. Their ammunition was so spent that the enemy gave the soldjer many shootes of powder

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To make the conditions good. Ita Lord Brereton told me. This castle was built by Ranulph Earle of Chester, after his returne from the holy Warr, 4.H.3.1220. (Holinshed p.202 b.)

23 December. Lord Astleigh came to Worcester, being generall of these four countyes; Sir Charles Lucas with him, Lord Generall of the horse.

Munday, December 29. Colonel Bagott with his party shutt the Lord Loughborough and his party out of the Close of Lichfield

Tuesday, Lord Loughborough, &c., went to Tedbury.

Jan 12. To Ashby from Lichfield.


Munday, January 14. those horse which were the remnant of Generall Gerard's army, viz., his owne life guard, commanded by his brother Sir Gilbert Gerard, 100. Major-Generall Egerton's, Colonel Whitleyes, Leiutenant-Colonel Bambrigg, Major Paramore, with Colonel Molesworth's, the remnant of Prince Maurice's regiment of horse, - Toto 300, were beate up by the forces of the garrisons of Stafford, Derby, Pamsley Howse, Alton Castle, Caswall, and Barton. Above 100 horse and 20 troopers lost, no officers.

Friday, January 18. Leiftenant Moore, who was Leiftenant to Gerard's troope, went into the enemy to Derby, with twenty-four of these Reformades, saucie fellowes most.

Satterday, the enemy fell into Tudbury agen, and did no hurt; one of them killd.

Satterday, Captain Wright, sent by the Lord Loughborough from Ashby, surprised Ashly Howse, within four myle of Coventry; tooke the Governour, Hunt, the coblar of Coventry, and his brother, and the rest, about ten; all their horse were gone out; fired the howse; 'twas Mr. Chamberlanes howse, his son did it. Four or five dayes after, another party was sent from Ashby, and tooke 3 ro 4 canoniers, a captain, and others, within four myle of Belvoir Castle.

January . Lord Loughbrorough sent 300 foot, with four

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Colours, under the command of Colonel roper, and above 100 horse under the command of Colonel Stamford, towards the releife of Chester, and the expectation of meeting Irish forces.

Thursday, Jan. 29, came some gentlemen and about thirty troopers to Ashby from Newarke, and came thorough the enemyes quarters that beseige that place.

Satterday night, ult. January, about 12 of the clock, came a party of horse and dragoons into the towne of Ashby, plundered the mercers', sadlers', and suttlers' shopps, and the inns of the horses, especially those that came from Newarke and Tudbury with Colonel Egerton.

No gentleman taken, and few or none other, though divers lay there in the towne; none killd. Were gone before two of the clock, six miskets sallied on them.

Tuesday, 3rd February, came intelligence to Ashby that Belvoir Castle was surrendered, and that the governour for his owne security had articled with the enemy, and sent four hostages to Lichfeild; he and his men were convoyed to Lichfeild.

Dartmouth taken by storme.

Wednesday, Feb. 11. Those foot and horse returned home to Ashby, and the party togeather were above 2000, tooke Riccardin [Wrockwardine] church.

W. Shute, in his Heroicke Acts of his Excellencie of Prince Maurice of Nasau, The taking Breda by a turfe boat, p. 117. The taking of the Fort of Zutphen, 1590, by boares and soldjers clad in women's clothes, p. 124. The Duke of Parma's Cornett. The Image of Christ, &c. p. 131.

Mr. Joscelin in his Saxon Dictionary. MS. in Bibl. Cottonians. Nowel in his Dictionary of the same tongue. Selden, p. 114.

Alfricus his Saxon Grammar, ibidem.

King John's sending to the King of Morocco to change his Christianity for Muhumetanisme. Idem, p. 104.

Rot. Parl. 18 H. 6. That every of your leiges may omitt the killing of you in doing their homage. Idemm, p.32.

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                      Cole Orton Church, com. Leicester.

In the north yle of the church against the wall is a lofty monument with these coates and inscription, besides many quarterings of the Beaumonts: Description of drawing.

Here lyeth the bodies of Sir Henry Beaumont, Kt. and Lady Elizabeth his wife, which Sir Henry was son to Nicholas Beaumont, Esq., and Elizabeth was daughter and heire of Lovis, Esq. by whome he had one onely son Sir Thomas Beaumont, Kt. who married the daughter and heire of Henry Sapcotts, Esq. which Sir Henry [died] 31 of March, 1607, the Lady Elizabeth 26 of March, 1608.

Divers matches of this family in the east window of this yle lately sett up. The manor howse is lately burnt, being a garrison of the Parliament's. Belonging to the Lord Beaumont.

                         Grancester [Granchester] Church, com. Cantebr.

North window chancel; Description of drawing.

South window chancel: Description of drawing.

South window of the church: Description of drawing.

This [viz. the first] coate divers times in all the south windowes, and the picture of a man kneeling, and John Audele.

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Within the wall under the uppermost south window, under an arch, is an altar tombe, and upon the marble was the pictures of a man and woman inlayed in brasse, but gone, with the inscription and shield, probably his whose coate that bend and martlet is.

Against the south wall of the chancel is a neate little monument with an inscirption for Dr. Byng, (a) and these shields: Description of drawing.

For Sir William Vaughan.

Sir, I wish you be free from danger as I hope wee are secure and in good condition here. Of your foot being received under the castle wall, I receied them in, though I conceived I had no need of them for defence of this place; yet, having I doubt not provision enough, their valour and good service meriting my compassion. I freely enterteynd them. I judge the enemy had a force that came the other way over the greene equall in number of thereaboutes to what you fought with. Mitton, and the foot, I am informed, quarter in the towne, and most of the horse in the country about. God blesse us all!

             Your friend and servant,                    William Salesbury.

Denbigh Castle,                                          What may you will resolve to looke

1° Nov. 1645                                                      I leave to your own discretion.

   ii at night.

Ex. cum originali per R.S.

a. Thomas Byng, Master of Clare Hall, Cambridge, and Regius Professor of Civil Law.



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